Lanman Georgia Congressional history collection

Lanman Georgia Congressional history collection

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Hargrett Manuscripts
Creator: Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895
Title: Lanman Georgia Congressional history collection
Dates: 1858-1868
Quantity: 0.2 Linear feet (1 half box)
Abstract:The collection consists of a group of manuscripts containing biographical information on Georgia congressmen, both senators and representatives, assembled by Charles Lanman for his Dictionary of the United States Congress. The collection is made up of replies received by Lanman when he circularized all living past and present members of congress in the 1850s preparatory to issuing his book.The replies are mainly autobiographical and in the handwriting of the subject. Other letters have been returned to their respective collections.
Coll. Number: ms928

Biographical/Historical Note

"John William Jones (April 14, 1806 – April 27, 1871) was an American politician and physician who served in the United States Congress... Jones was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives in 1837. He moved to Griffin, Georgia, in 1841. In 1846, Jones was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Whig to represent Georgia's 3rd congressional district. He did not run for reelection in 1848, serving one term from March 4, 1847 through March 3, 1849."

Source: "John William Jones." Wikipedia.

"James "Left Eye" Jackson (September 21, 1757 – March 19, 1806) was an early Georgia politician of the Democratic-Republican Party. He was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1789 until 1791. He was also a U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1793 to 1795, and from 1801 until his death. In 1797 he was elected 23rd Governor of Georgia, serving from 1798 to 1801."

Source: "James Jackson (politician)." Wikipedia.

"Alfred Iverson, Sr. (December 3, 1798 – March 4, 1873) was a United States Representative and Senator from Georgia. Born in Liberty County, he attended private schools and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1820. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1822 and commenced practice in Clinton, Georgia. He was a member of the Georgia House of Representatives from 1827 to 1830, and moved to Columbus in 1830 and continued the practice of law. He was judge of the State superior court from 1835 to 1837, a member of the Georgia Senate in 1843-1844, and a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1844.

Iverson was elected as a Democrat to the Thirtieth Congress (March 4, 1847-March 3, 1849). From 1850 to 1854 he again served as judge of the State superior court, and was elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1855, to January 28, 1861, when he withdrew. While in the Senate he was chairman of the Committee on Claims (Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses). Iverson left the Senate shortly after Georgia passed an ordinance of secession from the United States and after making a defiant farewell speech, stating that Southerners would never return to the Union "short of a full and explicit recognition of the guarantee of the safety of their institution of domestic slavery.""

Source: "Alfred Iverson, Sr." Wikipedia.

"Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell (January 7, 1821 – April 7, 1891) was an American politician and lawyer, as well as general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War...Gartrell served as the solicitor general of the northern judicial circuit from 1843 until 1847 when he was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives. He was subsequently elected to the first of two consecutive terms in U.S. House of Representatives in 1856. He resigned from his second term in 1861 to form the Seventh Regiment of the Georgia Volunteer Infantry in the Conferate army during the Civil War. In 1862, Gartrell was elected to the Confederate Congress and served in that capacity until 1864. In 1864, he was appointed as a brigadier general in the Confederate forces."

Source: "Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell." Wikipedia.

"Nathaniel Greene Foster (August 25, 1809 – October 19, 1869) was an American politician. lawyer and military officer...Foster was elected to U.S. House of Representatives in 1854 as a member of the American party and served one term."

Source: "Nathaniel Greene Foster." Wikipedia.

"Martin Jenkins Crawford (March 17, 1820 – July 23, 1883) was an antebellum U.S. Representative and a representative to the Provisional Confederate Congress during the American Civil War from the state of Georgia."

Source: "Martin Jenkins Crawford." Wikipedia.

"Charles Lanman was an author, government official, artist, librarian, and explorer...[He] born at Monroe, Michigan, on June 14, 1819, the son of Charles James Lanman, and the grandson of United States Senator James Lanman...Lanman's career included service as librarian for the U.S. War Department, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the City of Washington Library; head of the returns office in the U.S. Interior Department; private secretary to Senator Daniel Webster; American secretary to the Japanese legation; and assistant assessor for the District of Columbia...Charles Lanman collected biographies of former and sitting Members of Congress for his Dictionary of the United States Congress, published by J. B. Lippincott & Co. in 1859. This eventually became the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress."

Source: "Charles Lanman." Wikipedia.

"George Walker Crawford (December 22, 1798 – July 27, 1872) was a Georgia politician during the nineteenth century. He served as the 38th Governor of Georgia from 1843 to 1847 and United States Secretary of War 1849 to 1850. He was the cousin of William H. Crawford."

"In 1837, Crawford was elected to the Georgia General Assembly as a member of the Georgia House of Representatives. There, Crawford distinguished himself as a fiscal conservative. He was elevated to the United States House of Representatives as a Whig to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Richard W. Habersham. His term there was short, only serving from January 7 to March 3, 1843."

Source: "George W. Crawford." Wikipedia.

"Charles Henry Prince (May 9, 1837–April 3, 1912) was a U.S. Representative from Georgia...He served as delegate to the State constitutional convention. Upon the re-admission of Georgia to representation, Prince was elected as a Republican to the Fortieth Congress and served from July 25, 1868, to March 3, 1869. He presented his credentials as a Member-elect to the Forty-first Congress but was not permitted to qualify."

Source: "Charles H. Prince." Wikipedia.

"John Henry Lumpkin (June 13, 1812 – July 10, 1860) was an American politician, lawyer and jurist. In 1840, Lumpkin unsuccessfully ran for the United States House of Representatives; however, he ran again in 1842 and won election as a Democrat to the 28th United States Congress. He was elected to two additional terms and served from March 4, 1843, until March 3, 1849."

Source: "John Henry Lumpkin." Wikipedia.

"Peter Early Love (July 7, 1818 – November 8, 1866) was an American politician, lawyer and jurist...Love was elected in 1858 as a Democrat to represent Georgia's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives for the 36th Congress."

Source: "Peter Early Love." Wikipedia.

"John William Henderson Underwood (November 20, 1816 – July 18, 1888) was a U.S. Democratic politician. He was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives from Georgia and served from March 4, 1859 until January 23, 1861, when he withdrew, having joined the Confederacy."

Source: "John William Henderson Underwood." Wikipedia.

"Hiram B. Warner (October 29, 1802 – June 30, 1881) was an American politician, lawyer, educator and jurist from Georgia...Warner won election to the 34th United States Congress as a Democratic Representative of Georgia's 4th congressional district and served one term from March 4, 1855 to March 3, 1857. He did not run for reelection in 1856."

Source: "Hiram B. Warner." Wikipedia.

"Francis Willis (January 5, 1745 – January 25, 1829) was a United States Representative from the state of Georgia. [He] was elected to the United States House of Representatives as an at-large representative from Georgia. He served one term during the 2nd United States Congress from March 4, 1791, until March 3, 1793."

Source: "Francis Willis (representative)." Wikipedia.

"Augustus Romaldus Wright (June 16, 1813 – March 31, 1891) was an American politician and lawyer, as well as an officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. In 1856, Wright was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and served one term. He later served as a delegate to the Georgia Secession Convention and the Confederate Secession Convention."

Source: "Augustus Romaldus Wright." Wikipedia.

"Pierce Manning Butler Young (November 15, 1836 – July 6, 1896) was a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a post-war politician, diplomat, and four-term United States Congressman from Georgia."

Source: "Pierce M.B. Young." Wikipedia.


Arrangement

Arranged in alphabetical order.


Index Terms

Autobiographies.
Correspondence.
Crawford, George Washington, 1798-1872 -- Correspondence
Crawford, M. J., (Martin Jenkins), 1820-1883 -- Correspondence
Foster, Nathaniel Greene, 1809-1869 -- Correspondence
Gartrell, Lucius J., (Lucius Jeremiah), 1821-1891 -- Correspondence
Iverson, Alfred, 1798-1873 -- Correspondence
Jackson, James, 1819-1887 -- Correspondence
Jones, John William, 1806-1871 -- Correspondence
Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895 -- Correspondence
Lawson, Thomas Graves, 1835-1912 -- Correspondence
Legislators--Georgia--Biography.
Legislators--Georgia--Correspondence.
Love, Peter E., (Peter Early), 1818-1866 -- Correspondence
Lumpkin, John H., (John Henry), 1812-1860 -- Correspondence
Prince, Charles Henry, 1837-1912 -- Correspondence
Warner, Hiram, 1802-1881 -- Correspondence
Wellborn, C. P. -- Correspondence
Willis, Francis Thomas, 1816-1898 -- Correspondence
Wright, Augustus Romaldus, 1813-1891 -- Correspondence
Young, Pierce Manning Butler, 1836-1896 -- Correspondence

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Lanman Georgia Congressional history collection, MS 928. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.


Related Material

Related materials available in the following collections of this repository: John MacPherson Berrien, letters to Littleton W. Tazewell ; Cobb / Erwin / Lamar family collection, 1796-1929 ; John Forsyth letters ; George Rockingham Gilmer papers ; Hillyer family papers ; Stephens, Alexander Hamilton - letters, genealogy and biography ; Nelson Tift, letter to Hannah Tift ; Robert Toombs papers.

Related materials held by Hargrett Rare Book Library and University of Georgia Libraries: Dictionary of the United States Congress / Charles Lanman. Philadelphia : J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1859.


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 
BoxFolder
11George Washington Crawford, 1798-1872, 1831-1859
3 items:
A.L.S. To Colonel William P. Crawford. Written as Attorney General of Georgia. A.L.S. To J.C. Rives, Publisher and Printer of the Globe requesting that his subscription to this journal be renewed and enclosing payment. A.L.S. To Charles Lanman concerning Lanman's printed circular for autobiographical information
 
2Martin Jenkins Crawford, 1820-1883, 1858
A.Ms with mounted free frank signature. Comleting Lanman's form of inquiry.
 
3Nathaniel Greene Foster, 1809–1869, September 1, 1858
A.L.S. A very lengthy and highly informative autobiography
 
4Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell, 1821-1891, 1858
A.Ms.S. completing Lanman's form of 1858. Autobiographical information.
 
5Alfred Iverson, 1798-1873, December 24, 1859
A.L.S. with A.M.S. The manuscript is a completed form with autiobiographical data. 2 pieces.
 
6James Jackson, 1819-1887, December 22,1858
A.L.S. Folio. An autobiographical account.
 
7John William Jones, 1806-1871, September 10, 1858
A.L.S. A lengthy autobiography.
 
8Thomas Graves Lawson, 1835-1912, November 25,1868
A.L.S. to Charles Lanman. He explains that the Georgia Legislation did not order an election to congress in time, and when it was enacted, the Governor did not approve it.
 
9Peter Early Love, 1818-1886, October 28, 1859
A.L.S. A lengthy autobiographical account. Lanman has identified the handwriting on the last page.
 
10John H. Lumpkin, 1812-1860, Sept 27, 1858
A.L.S. by A. F. Hardin. A lengthy autobiographical account as provided by the Hon. Lumpkin himself. The writer states that he has been a political associate for 20 years.
 
11Charles Henry Prince, 1837-1912, August 5, 1868
A.L.S. with A.Ms.S. (first line) Autobiographical account. 2 pieces.
 
12John William Henderson Underwood, 1816-1888, October 28, 1819
A.L.S. An autobiographical account.
 
13Hiram Warner, 1802-1881, September 5,1858
A.L.S. A lengthy autobiographical account.
 
14C. P. Wellborn, September 29, 1858
A.L.S. Stating that he is unable to carry out Lanman's time-consuming request for information about Georgia. But should Lanman indicate what expenses toward that end he might be able to incur, he might be able to do so.
 
15Francis Willis, 1748-1829, October 12, 1858
2 A.L.S. by his grandson, Francis F. Willis.
Also, A.M. by his grandson.
Biographical information about an early Georgia congressman abotu whom, otherwise, little is known.
Consists of 3 parts.
 
16Augustus Romaldus Wright, 1813-1877, circa 1858
A.M.S. Completing Lanman's form of 1858.
 
17Pierce Manning Butler Young, 1836-1896, July 20, 1868
A.L.S. An autiobiographical account.