Camak family papers

Camak family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Hargrett Manuscripts
Creator: Camak family
Creator: Camak, James, 1795-1847
Creator: Camak, James, 1822-1893
Creator: Camak, Louis, b. 1873
Creator: Camak, Mary Wellborn, d. 1919
Title: Camak family papers
Dates: Bulk, 1889-1920
Dates: circa 1817-1947, bulk 1889-1920
Quantity: 10.2 Linear feet (25 document boxes, 1 half box)
Abstract:The collection consists of papers of the Camak family of Athens, Clarke County, Georgia from ca. 1817-1947. The papers consist primarily of correspondence and financial papers of James Camak, his wife Mary W. Camak, and their son Louis Camak. Most of the letters deal with family business matters and news of family or friends. Of particular interest are letters from sharecroppers on land owned by the Camak's and letters (1885-1901) between Mary Camak and Thomas W. Watson regarding personal business matters. The collection also contains a few items relating to James A. Camak, genealogical information on the Camak, Marshall, Wellborn, and allied families, and notebooks containing drafts of Mary Camak's correspondence (1896-1910).
Coll. Number: ms53

Biographical/Historical Note

James A. Camak was born in 1795 in South Carolina and died in 1847. He came to Athens, Georgia to accept a position at the University of Georgia as a professor in mathematics and astronomy in 1809. He later moved to Milledgeville, georgia, when it was the state capital. He was the war editor of "Southern Cultivator." He moved back to Athens and built a residence. James A. Camak organized and helped build the Georgia Railroad, the first railroad in Georgia. He was its first president. This was the third railroad built in the United States. James A. Camak was also the head of the Comission to establish boundary lines between Georgia and the areas of Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, and North Carolina.

James A. Camak married Helen Smith Finley in 1820. She was the daughter of Robert Finley, the President of Franklin College, now the University of Georgia. They had five children, though one died at 8 years and another died at 2 years of age. The three who lived into adulthood were James Camak (1822-1893), Thomas (1829-1863), and Margaret Anne (1836-1916).

James A. Camak's son, James Camak, was born in 1822 in Milledgeville, Georgia and died in 1893 in Athens, Georgia. He went to Princeton University and received a medical degree from the University of Georgia in Augusta. He was a surgeon in the Confederate army during the war. He married Mary Rebecca Wellborn (later known as M.W.Camak) of Warrenton, Georgia, in November 1869. Mary was a member of the United Daughters of Confederacy and the Daughters of the American Revolution. Her father, James Madison Wellborn, lived from 1809 to 1889, and was a planter and a slave owner (100 slaves). Mary Rebecca Wellborn died in 1919. She and James Camak had two children, James Wellborn Camak in 1872 and Louis Camak in 1873.

James Wellborn Camak was born in 1872 and died in 1911. James Wellborn Camak went to the University of Georgia and became a lawyer. He married Josephine Smyth of Augusta Georgia, and they had two children, one who died in infancy and a son named James de Xavier Camak born in 1913. Josephine wife died in 1915.

James A. Camak's other son, Thomas Camak, was born in 1829 and died in 1863. He died at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2nd, 1863, and was interred later in Linwood Cemetery by his wife and two infant children. One son James Camak died at three months of age, and another son died at two years of age. Their one surviving child was Annie Thomas Camak, who was born March 31, 1863, and died April 30, 1890. She never married. Thomas Camak, her father, was a colonel at his death, and was at the time temporarily in charge of Cobb's Legion. He started in the war as a captain of the Mill Rifles, a company recruited in Athens, Georgia.

James A. Camak's daughter, Margaret Anne Camak, was born in 1836 and died in 1916 in the same house she was born. She never married. She was a member of the U.D.C. and D.A.R.

Very notably is the "Camak House," which is located at 279 Meigs Street, Athens, Georgia, and was built by James Camak in 1834. It was one of the first residences built on Prince Avenue. Five generations of the Camak family lived in this house, until 1947. Several were born and a few died there.


Scope and Content Note

The bulk of this collection consists of business correspondence (especially with share-croppers) and personal correspondence of Mrs. Mary W. Camak and her son Louis. Also included are assorted pictures, photographs, postcards, greeting cards, recipes, social invitations, genealogical material, and many excellent lace Valentines designed by John Windsor from the 19th century.

As stated, this collection consists mainly of materials concerning the descendants of James A. Camak, a founder and first president of the Georgia Railroad. There are a few letter drafts and math notes when Camak was professor of mathematics at the University of Georgia from about 1817.

Box 1 contains genealogical information on the Camak, Wellborn, and several other families from Georgia and the South. Boxes 2 through 11 contain correspondences dating from 1817 to 1947. These contain both personal and business correspondence. Box 11 also contains some of Mrs. Camak's personal compositions.

Box 12 includes materials about the Daughters of the American Revolution, and a large number of greeting cards and valentines.

Box 13 contains social invitations to events in Athens, primarily weddings. Box 14 contains letter drafts, small paintings/prints, and various photographs. Numerous recipes, postcards and other printed material as well as information relative to the University of Georgia are contained in Box 15. Box 16 contains Mrs. Camak's photo album and a scrapbook. Box 17 holds several journals, ledgers, and miscellaneous books and booklets.

Box 18, separately titled the Thomas E. Watson Division contains correspondence dating from 1885 to 1901 between Mrs. Camak and Mr. Watson.

Boxes 19 through 25 are financial papers dating from 1873 to 1947. Box 19 to 22 contain receipts from a number of local businesses, including groceries, cotton, publishing, diamonds, dry cleaning, carriages, water, boots, horseshoes, men's clothing, gas, electric, railroad, telephone, etc. There are also tax collection receipts and many bank receipts from across the state. From Box 23 on, the collection contains mainly bank statements, fire insurance policies, various bills, papers regarding the Athens Co-operative Creamery, and rent collection sheets. There are some meat market receipts and pharmacy receipts in smaller amounts. Box 19 concentrates on those of James Camak; Box 20, 21, and 22, Mary Wellborne and Louis Camak; and Box 23, 24, and 25, James Camak and Louis Camak. Occasionally there are papers from a family friend named Luther Sims.


Arrangement

Arranged by record type.


Index Terms

Athens (Ga.)
Camak family
Clarke County (Ga.)
Marshall family
Sharecroppers--Georgia.
Sharecropping--Georgia.
Watson, Thomas E., (Thomas Edward), 1856-1922
Wellborn family

General Notes

Cataloged as part of the Georgia Archives and Manuscripts Automated Access Project: A Special Collections Gateway Program of the University Center in Georgia.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Camak family papers. MS 53. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.


Related Material

Related materials to this collection can be found in: Downing Bethune photographs, MS1623; E. Merton Coulter manuscript collection II, MS 2345; UGA lecture notes, MS 2108; James Camak portrait, MS2554; and Georgia Railroad and Banking Company papers, MS347.


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

Series 1: Genealogy : general - Welborn

BoxFolder
11General
2Camak
3Cody
4Marshall
5Marshall
6Rogers
7Welborn
8Wellborn
9Wellborn
10Wellborn
 

Series 2: Correspondence, 1817-1947

BoxFolder
21James A. Camak, ca. 1817
2James A. Camak, ca. 1817
math problems
31830s
41840s
51850s
61860s
71870-1878
81879-1880
91881-1884
101885-1888
111889
121890-1891
131892 January - October
141892 November - December
151893 January - May
161893 June-July
BoxFolder
311893, August
21893 September - November
31893, December
41894 January - March
51894 April - October
61894 November - December
71895 January
81895 February - September
91895 October - December
101896 January - February
111896 March - May
BoxFolder
411896 June - August
21896 September - October
31896 November - December
41897 January - April
51897 May - October
61897 November - December
71898, January - May
81898 June - August
91898, September - October
101898 November - December
BoxFolder
511899 January
21899 February
31899 March - April
41899 May - June
51899 July - September
61899 October
71899 November - December
81900 January - April
91900 May - August
101900 September - December
BoxFolder
611901 January - April
21901 May - August
31901 September - December
41902 January - February
51902 March - July
61902 November - December
71903 January - September
81903 October - December
91904 January - March
101904 April - September
BoxFolder
711904 October
21904 November - December
31905 January - April
41905 May - September
51905 October
61905 November
71905 December
BoxFolder
811906 January - February
21906 March - September
31906 October
41906 November - December
51907 January - September
61907 October - December
71908 January - August
81908 September - December
BoxFolder
911909 January - September
21909 October - December
31910 January - February
41910 March - July
51910 August - September
61910 October - November
71910 December
81911 January - September
91911 October - December
101912
BoxFolder
1011913-1915
21916
31917
41918-1920
51921-1934
61937-1942
71943
81944
BoxFolder
1111945
21946 March - April
31946 May - December
41947
5undated
6undated
7undated
8Series 3 Athens social life, programs and invitations
 

Series 4: Compositions

BoxFolder
119Poetry
10Prose
 

Daughters of the American Revolution

BoxFolder
121Series 5 Daughters of the American Revolution documents, 1900-1912
 

Series 6: Greeting Cards

BoxFolder
122Christmas, 1906-1945
3Easter, 1910-1918, 1939
4-5Valentines, often between Mary Wellborn and James Camak, many being elaborate lace "cupid's messages" by John Windsor
6Birthday cards, St. Patrick Day cards, get well cards
 

Series 7: Invitations, 1877-1947 undated

BoxFolder
131Wedding invitations, 1914
2Wedding invitations, anniversary invitations, party invitations, Greensboro Female College commencement invitation, 1880-1915
3Wedding invitations, party invitations, graduation exercises invitations, 1916-1947
4Wedding invitations, party invitations, bereavement gratitude cards, 1817-1947
BoxFolder
144Series 9 Lucy Cobb Institute: graduating exercises, concerts, 1880-1916
 

Series 8: Letter drafts, 1896-1910

BoxFolder
141Draft Booklet by Mrs. Mary Camak, 1896-1897
2Draft Booklet by Mrs. Mary Camak, 1897-1902
3Draft Booklet by Mrs. Mary Camak, 1902-1912
 

Series 10: Prints

BoxFolder
145a"Memory, the daughter of Attention, is the teaming mother of Wisdom" print
5bViolets - print
5cHolly or berries - print
5Mockorange flowers - print
5ePeonies - print
5Flower/plant scene - print
5gDogwood flower - print
6aSmall birds, including yellow warbler and blue fly catcher - print
6bSmall birds, including warblers and fly catchers - print
6cCardinals, male and female - print
9Diseased/infected livers
6Landscape of a lake
 

Photographs

BoxFolder
147James Camak portrait; his friends, houses, and items; UGA engineering class; trips (with servants); Evergreen Cemetery; James Wellborn portrait; Gladys Evans portrait
8Camak family, Wellborne family, and friends, 1908-1924
BoxFolder
151Steimer portraits; White portraits; Camak portraits; Hoylehurt portraits; Howard portraits; England house;
 

Series 11: Postcards

BoxFolder
152United States - New York, Virginia, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Florida, Ohio, California, Georgia, Colorado, and the District of Columbia, 1906-1937
3Non-US - England, Germany, Italy, France, Canada, and Cuba, 1900-1940
 

Series 12: Programs, Pamphlets, Souvenirs

BoxFolder
154Athens Electric Railway Co. Earnings; Grand Opera in Atlanta (2); United Daughters of the Confederacy (2); Souvenir Guide of Havana & Cuba (2), 1898-1930
5Markers for Revolutionary Graves; bridge scorecards; Old English silver booklet; Boston restaurant menu; Sons of the Revolution (2); Coca-Cola Quarter Report (1945); Playbill (2); church pamplet; opera pamplet; U.S.C.V. materials, 1937-1945, undated
 

Series 13: Recipes

BoxFolder
156Home family recipes and newspaper recipes (food, cures, etc); "The Royal Baker and Pastry Cook" (1896?), 1861-1896
7Home family recipes and newspaper recipes; "Left Overs" about Hood's Sarsaparilla (1891)
 

University of Georgia

BoxFolder
158Series 14 UGA documents (engineering school graduates, Phi Delta Theta letter, Alumni Banquet, UGA tuition, etc), 1873, 1889q
Fragile UGA documents (Pandora statistics, monthly statement), 1887
 

Series 15: Miscellaneous Books

BoxFolder
161Mary Wellborne Camak's Picture Book (American presidents, Civil War military leaders, famous Europeans, etc)
2M.W. Camak's Scrapbook, 1890s-1910s
Box
26M.W. Camak's Scrapbook Clippings, 1890s-1910s
 

Miscellaneous Booklets

Box
17Ledgers, 1882-3, 1937-1943
Receipt books, 1936-1943
Automobile Records (2), 1917-1919
Louis Camak notebook
1J.A. Fowler distillery plans
1Misc. papers (Oconee bridge calculations, history of state line between GA/TN, American Railroad Journal from 1834, Washinghinton Father of His Country card, etc)
 

Series 16: Thomas E. Watson Division



Subseries 16A: Correspondence, 1885-1901, undated

BoxFolder
1811885-1887
21888
31889
41890
51891
61892
71893
81894
91895
101896
111897
121898-1901
13undated
 
Subseries 16B Financial papers, 1873-1948, undated
BoxFolder
1911873-1882
21883-1892
31893
41894
51895 January - August
61895 September - December
71896
81897
BoxFolder
2011898
21899
31900
41901
51902
61903
71904
81905
91906
101907
BoxFolder
2111908
21909
31910
41911
51912
61913
71914
81915
BoxFolder
2211916
21917
31918
41919
BoxFolder
2311920, 1935
21936
31937
41942-1943
51944
BoxFolder
2411944
21945
31945
41946
BoxFolder
2511947
21948
3undated
 

Series 17: Misc. papers, Photographs, Postcards, Correspondence, Sketches, and other material

BoxFolder
261Photographs (Camak house, James Camak and his wife)
Camak house, James Camak I, Mrs James Camak
2Heraldry, postcards (of Caldwell buildings), and drawings (Caldwell family)
Caldwell, Findley families of New Jersey/New York; Caldwell family castle, Co Donegal Ireland
3Misc. papers and Camak house schematics, 1911, 1916
TLS - W K Mooreland > James w Camak re arrow & spear head collection DAR application for Josephine Smythe Camak & letter from DAR registrar general
TLS - V L Collins > JWC regarding Princeton University info
ALS - Charles Pugsley > Mrs Camak
TLS - Henry R Goetchins > James Camak re estate of Wm S Shepherd copy of plans for Camak House from Historic American Bldgs Survey
3Biographical Catalog of Princeton University (James Camak)
James Camak listed as class of 1852; Robert Findley, class of 1787; James Camak, class of 1759
3Letter from Warren Moorehead, Phillips Academy, Andover MA to James W Camak, regarding arrow head collection
3Letter from Henry Goetchius to Howell Erwin regarding the will of William Shepherd and James Camak's family connection
3House Plans of Camak House from Historic American Buildings Survey
3Daughters of American Revolution application for Josephine Smith Camak, with James Wellborn
3Daughters of American Revolution letter returning application as unverified
4Typed Sketch and newstory about Georgia Railroad
5Photographs and postcards (Tallulah Falls)
Tallulah Falls, Ga area, many identified
6Newsclippings (from Athens) and pictures of civil and military leaders
Presidential matters; photos from books of some presidents; photos from book of Wm B McKinley, nephew of Mrs Camak
6Portrait of William McKinley, taken out of book
7Unidentified photographs (rural areas, black families, boys with fish, river, woman on loom, female graduate, wealthy woman full body portrait)
Includes double barrel cannon, portrait of a lady made in Augusta, log cabin, seven black children in cotton field, cotton gin, house with four blacks, two black men with wagon wheels, two boys with fish catch outside store 'Kodaks', lady in graduate gown - Annie Camak?, and postcards from Fort Sheridan, Illinois.
7Postcards of Ft. Sheridan, Illinois
a Camak son went to West Point
8Election ballot (1920), 1920
8Business & Professional Directory of Athens, 1947
9Cotton purchases by James Peek of Crawfordville Ga, 1830s
10English and French records (copies)
warrant to execute King Charles I, 1648; documents of Louis XVI, Louis XIV, Louis XV and G Cardinal Chiaramonti [Pope Pius VII]