Crawford W. Long family papers

Crawford W. Long family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Hargrett Library
Creator: Long family
Creator: Long, Crawford Williamson, 1815-1878
Creator: Taylor, Frances Long
Title: Crawford W. Long family papers
Dates: 1842-1939
Quantity: 0.8 Linear feet (2 document boxes)
Coll. Number: ms49

Biographical/Historical Note

Crawford Williamson Long (1815-1878) was a physician and the first to use ether as an anesthetic. He was born in Madison County, Georgia and married Caroline Swain in 1842. Their children were Edward Crawford, Arthur B., Frances (Taylor), Florence (Bartow), Eugenia, and Emma M.

For more information, see the article "Crawford Long (1815-1878)" in the New Georgia Encyclopedia.

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of the papers of Dr. Crawford W. Long and the Long family of Athens, Clarke County, Georgia from 1842-1939. Includes correspondence, bills, receipts, notes, scrapbooks, and clippings. Early correspondence (1842-1879) is between Long, his wife Caroline, and daughter Frances. From 1897-1929, the correspondence details efforts of Frances Long Taylor to establish her father's claim to the first successful use of ether as an anesthetic, including correspondence with Irish physician George Foy and Allen Smith of the University of Pennsylvania; and memorials to Long. The scrapbooks contain copies of affidavits, letters, and notes copied by Florence Long Bartow concerning her father's use of ether; genealogical material on the Long, Swain, and allied families; photographs; and clippings on Long's career and memorials. The collection also contains bills, receipts, and legal documents for Emma M. Long and the estate of Frances Long Taylor.


Arranged by record type.

Index Terms

Athens (Ga.)
Bartow, Florence Long, 1853-1919
Clarke County (Ga.)
Long, Emma M.
Swain family

General Notes

Cataloged as part of the Georgia Archives and Manuscripts Automated Access Project: A Special Collections Gateway Program of the University Center in Georgia.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Crawford W. Long family papers, ms49, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Related Material

Related collections in this repository: Crawford W. Long scrapbook, ms191 and Tutt collection of Crawford W. Long, Donegal Presbyterian Church, and Church-Brumby House miscellanea, ms1259.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

11Letters and documents, 1840-1849
2Letters and documents
3Letters and documents, 1860-1869
4Letters and documents, 1870-1879
5Pictures (Exclusive of those in scrapbooks)
7-8Clippings (Exclusive of those in scrapbooks)
9Account Book, 1913-1921
10Letters, 1930
11Letters, 1879-1919
12Letters, 1933
13Letters, 1934
14Letters, 1935-1939
15Bills and Receipts, 1922-1933
16Letters, 1920-1929
17Bills and receipts, 1934
18Bills and receipts, 1935
19Genealogical notebook I
20Genealogical notebook II
21Scrapbook I
2Scrapbook 2
3Scrapbook III