Alexander H. Stephens family papers

Alexander H. Stephens family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Hargrett Library
Creator: Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883
Title: Alexander H. Stephens family papers
Dates: Bulk, 1854-1883
Dates: 1818-1944
Quantity: 23.0 Linear feet 20 boxes, 3 oversize boxes, 5 oversize folders, 1 artifact
Coll. Number: ms3823

Biographical/Historical Note

Alexander Hamilton Stephens (1812-1883) was born near Crawfordville (Ga.) to Margaret Grier and Andrew Baskins Stephens. Liberty Hall in Crawfordville was his home. He was Vice President of the Confederacy during the Civil War, a United States Congressman, and died in office as Georgia Governor in 1883. John Alexander Stephens (1838-1887), nephew of Alexander H. Stephens, was a lawyer in Atlanta and son of John Lindsay Stephens. John Alexander Stephens was married to Mary Emma Simpson (1841?-1900), daughter of William Wingfield Simpson (1814-1887), owner of a plantation in Hancock County (Ga.). Linton Stephens was the half-brother of Alexander H. Stephens.

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of correspondence, writings, printed material, photographs, financial papers, and scrapbooks. The correspondence is divided into family and business with family letters mainly among Alexander H. Stephens, John A. Stephens and Linton Stephens. They discuss family matters, politics and legal cases. Included is a letter from Alexander H. Stephens describing his trip to Athens to take his entrance examination, in which he describes the university and town as well as the countryside between Athens and Washington, Georgia. Business correspondence includes letters from Herschel Johnson, Howell Cobb, Joseph E. Brown, and Joseph H. Lumpkin. There are also items relating to John Stephens' imprisonment at Johnson Island (OH) during the Civil War. Letters during wartime included lists the members of the Stephens Rifles, flag design proposals, petitions for military positions, and discussions on the release of a Union officer from Andersonville. There is a folder of 1851 correspondence concerning a possible duel between Thomas W. Thomas and James M. Smythe, and materials regarding the surveying of Michigan and Texas Territories. Printed material includes several speeches of Alexander H. Stephens. The scrapbooks contain newspapers clippings about Alexander H. Stephens. Included is a plantation account book of the Simpson plantation, in which are lists of enslaved people, a journal of daily farm work, printed rules for managing farms and slaves, and signed contracts with the freedmen.

Index Terms

Account books.
Cotton farmers--Georgia.
Farm management--Georgia.
Georgia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Campaigns.
Johnson Island Prison.
Know-Nothing Party.
Land grants--Georgia.
Prisoners of war--Confederate States of America--Correspondence.
Simpson, William W.
Slaveholders--United States.
Soldiers--Confederate States of America--Correspondence.
Stephens family
Stephens, Aaron G.
Stephens, Alexander W.
Stephens, John Alexander
Stephens, John Lindsay, 1815-1856
Stephens, Linton, 1823-1872
Stephens, William G.
Surveyors--United States--Correspondence
Toombs, Robert Augustus, 1810-1885
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Prisoners and prisons.
Vice-Presidents--Confederate States of America--Correspondence.
Writings (document genre)

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation note

Alexander H. Stephens family papers, ms3823, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing


1. Correspondence

11Family, 1854-1868
2Family, 1869
3Family, 1870
4Family, 1871
5Family, 1872
6Family, 1873
7Family, 1874 January-June
8Family, 1874 July-December
9Family, 1875 January-April
10Family, 1875 May-December
11Family, 1876-1878
12Family, 1879-1882
13Family, undated
111Alexander H. Stephens, 1838-1839
151Alexander H. Stephens, 1840-1849
2Alexander H. Stephens, 1850-1859
3-4Alexander H. Stephens, 1860-1869
5Alexander H. Stephens - petitions, military, 1861-1865
6Alexander H. Stephens - wartime, 1861-1865
7Alexander H. Stephens - from Grier family, 1862-1863
8Alexander H. Stephens - flag design proposals, 1861-1862
9Alexander H. Stephens - Union prisoner William Cable release petition, 1864
10-11Alexander H. Stephens, 1870-1879
12-14Alexander H. Stephens, 1880-1883
161Alexander H. Stephens, 1880-1883
2Alexander H. Stephens - General P.G.T. Beauregard, 1882
3-4Alexander H. Stephens - Linton Stephens
5-6Alexander H. Stephens - William G. Stephens
7Alexander H. Stephens - John L. Stephens
8-12Alexander H. Stephens - John A. Stephens
13Alexander H. Stephens - Rebecca Stephens
14Alexander H. Stephens - cousins
15Alexander H. Stephens - invitations
112Alexander H. Stephens - Joe E. Brown, 1882-1883
3Alexander H. Stephens - Robert Toombs
OS Folder
1Alexander H. Stephens - Aaron G. Stephens describing Athens, 1828 August 6
OS Folder
3Alexander H. Stephens University of Georgia letter regarding sponsorship by Alonzo Church, 1829
J.J. Abert letter to James McLelland with orders to leave Great Lakes survey to begin Texas Territory survey, 1844 November 21
114Linton Stephens - "A Oad to a Lizard"
5John A. Stephens - POW correspondence, army orders, 1862-1863
6M.E. Stephens
7Robert L. Avary - Janie Stephens Avary
8Alexander W. Stephens, 1893, 1932
9Arch Avary - Asa Candler, 1897
1616Margaret Grier Stephens - Linton Stephens, 1862
171-2Linton Stephens
3Mary W.S., Mrs. Linton Stephens
4William Grier Stephens
5Grier Stephens, 1839
6Aaron Grier Stephens
7-9John A. Stephens
10-12M.E. Simpson Stephens
13M.E. "Emma" Simpson - Ed Simpson
14Emma and Belle Simpson
15Ed Simpson
16William Wingfield Simpson
17Jane Simpson
18Mary Stephens Reid - John A. Stephens, 1862
19Alexander W. Stephens - M.E. Reid
20Alexander W. Stephens - University of Georgia, 1891-1892
181-4Alexander W. Stephens - University of Georgia, 1891-1892
5-11Alexander W. Stephens
191-3Alexander W. Stephens
4M.E. Reid - Alexander W. Stephens
5Petitions regarding Alexander W. Stephens for Solicitor, 1898
6A.D. Candler - recommendations regarding Alexander W. Stephens, 1898
7-9Janie Stephens
10Robert L. Avary
11Mrs. Robert Stephens, 1902
12Mrs. James M. Reid
13John C. Reid
14John L. Bird, 1852
16Miscellaneous correspondence
17Unidentified letter
51William Wingfield Simpson, 1861-1883
2Business, 1839-1844
3Business, 1845-1847
4Business, 1850-1856
5Business, 1857-1859
6Business re: proposed duel between Thomas W. Thomas and James M. Smythe, 1851
7Business, 1860
8Business, 1861
9Business, 1862
10Business, 1863
61Business, 1864
2Business, 1865-1866
3Business, 1867-1869
4Business, 1872-1873
5Business, 1874-1879
6Business, 1880-1884
7Business, 1906-1944
8Business re: publication of sketch of Alexander H. Stephens by Alexander W. Stephens, 1939-1940
9Business, undated
10Business empty envelopes, 1858-1864, undated

2. Writings

21Writings, 1851-1871, undated
2Letters to the editor by Alexander W. Stephens, 1905-1906
3Sketches of Alexander H. Stephens by Alexander W. Stephens - typed versions
4Law Library of Linton Stephens - typed list
5Report of latter part of speech by Alexander H. Stephens at Dalton, 1860
6Re: Margaret Grier Stephens and Matilda Lindsay Stephens
7"The Can-Non" by Dr. Pill Garlick
8Arguement by J. A. Stewart in opposition to state sovereignty doctrine, 1868
9Medical reports - re: daily condition of Alexander H. Stephens, 1876 March 14-May 24
102Alexander W. Stephens - law school notebook
1110-11Alexander H. Stephens - personal accounts, transcribed letters with edits
12Alexander H. Stephens - notes, transcriptions
13Alexander H. Stephens - notebook
14Alexander H. Stephens - writing
15Alexander W. Stephens - journal
16Written comments on Case and Comment article about Alexander H. Stephens
1918Alexander H. Stephens - notes, business cards
19John L. Bird
20Writing - miscellaneous
21Linton Stephens - Memorial, 1872

3. Printed Materials

71re: Alexander H. Stephens
2Speech - "On the President's message... concerning Texas and New Mexico", 1850 August 9
3Speech - "...bill to prevent frauds upon the Treasury of the United States", 1853 January 13
4Speech - delivered before the Georgia Legislature, 1864 March 16
5"Study of the Law" by Alexander H. Stephens letter to a class of Liberty Hall law students, 1871 May 17
6"Address of the Hon Alexander H. Stephens before the Literary Societies of the University of Georgia", 1873 August 4
7"Address on Alexander H. Stephens by Alexander W. Stephens", 1928 February 11
8"Sketch of Alexander H. Stephens" by Alexander W. Stephens, 1940
9"Alexander H. Stephens" by Henry D. Capers, 1908 May 12
10Catalog of literary books belonging to Alexander H. Stephens
11Program - unveiling the statue of Alexander H. Stephens in Washington, D.C., 1927 December 8
12"Address delivered by John A. Stephens... before the O. M. Mitchell Post, G.A.R.", 1886 February 26
13"Reminiscences of an old Georgia Lawyer" by Garnett Andrews, 1870
14World atlas (some pages missing) with drawings and writings by Linton Stephens
15Clippings, 1859-1883
16Miscellaneous items
18Speech by Alexander H. Stephens at Anthon School, 1875
19Postcards - Alexander H. Stephens home
20Alexander H. Stephens - obituary, memorials
21Political materials
22Pamphlets, advertisements
23Robert Stephens - Hunter's School, 1896-1897
103-4Alexander W. Stephens - law books (2)
1117Alexander H. Stephens - railroad passes, 1881
18Alexander W. Stephens - educational materials
19In Memory of Alexander H. Stephens by I.W. Avery - complimentary copies for Janie and Alexander W. Stephens, 1883
20Pandora - signed by Alexander W. Stephens, 1894
21Robert L. Avary - Kappa Alpha
22Illustrations from Little Aleck, 1932
23Clippings - recipes, household
OS Folder
1Linton Stephens - Phrenological chart
College of Music of Cincinnati - advertisement
Broadside - Speech of Tom Hardwick at Hamilton, Georgia - Georgia's Fiscal Problem, 1932
Supplement - Chronical and Sentinel-Extra - Letter from the Hon. B.H. Hill
OS Folder
2Supplement - The Daily Sun - Speech of Hon. Alexander H. Stephens, 1872 December 22
Supplement - Atlanta Constitution- Speech of Hon. Alexander H. Stephens, 1872 December 22
Gazette-Supplement - The Weekly News, Savannah, Georgia - Stephen's Speech, 1882 September 8
Roll call of the Democratic and Know-Nothing and the American party Senators and Representatives
Broadside - The Metric System
Broadside - Straight Democrat ticket and Address by Rutger B. Miller to the Voters of Oneida, 1872
Supplement - Senator Conklin's Speech on the XVth Amendment
1922E.A. Stephens - railroad pass, 1840
23Alexander W. Stephens - clippings, poems
24Alexander W. Stephens - law, office advertisements
25Sample ballots - city and state elections, 1896-1898
26Lucy Cobb Day Alumni Reunion - program, 1895
27Broadsides - miscellaneous
29Alexander H. Stephens - business, signature cards
30 Tariff of the Confederate States of America, 1861
31 Address of the Hon. Alexander H. Stephens, Theme - The Letters of Junis, 1873 August 4
201Recipes - receipts
2Alexander H. Stephens Memorial State Park
OS Box
3Newspapers and clippings

4. Photographs

717Alexander W. Stephens, House - 149 W. Peachtree
OS BoxFolder
21Robert L. Avary - Law School class in front of Ivy Building, 1890
2Alexander H. Stephens - group - presented to Judge Alex Stephens by Sara Stephens, 1928
1124Alexander H. Stephens - photographs and negatives
25Alexander H. and Linton Stephens
26Alexander H. Stephens memorial
27Robert L. Avary - Kappa Alpha group, "Juvenile Curiousity" group, 1890
28Family - some identified
29KKK parade - negatives

5. Financial and Legal

210Deed, Receipts, Contract, 1806-1877
10Contract between Alexander H. Stephens and Archibald Speights
11Plantation account book - William Wingfield Simpson-owner, S. R. Oliphant-manager, Hancock County (Ga.), 1861-1869
The plantation book lists the names of 61 enslaved people present in 1861. Also included is an 1868 contract with 15 freedmen, named Carson Kindrick, Joe Walker, William Walker, John Miller, Daniel Roberts, Jordan Williams, Richmond Simpson, Jack Hardwick, Jackson Little, Henry Watkins, James Thomas, Adolphus Brindley, Burrell Kindrick, William Rowland, and Frank Brindley.
12John A. Stephens, Assistant Assessor's Pocket Record, 1865
12John A. Stephen's docket, 1870
121Land grant - Archibald Graham, Henry County, 15th District, Lot 103, 1824
2Land grant - Henry Joyce, Henry County, 15th District, Lot 105, 1824
3Land grant - John Williams, Henry County, 15th District, Lot 234, 1824
4Land grant -William Bailey, Henry County, 15th District, Lot 122, 1829
5Thomas Wynne, Jr. v. R.Q. Dickinson - Taliaferro County Inferior Court, 1839
6Alexander H. Stephens - cases returned record book, 1837-1841
7Alexander H. Stephens - receipts, settlements, 1854-1856
8Alexander H. Stephens - doctor's account, 1863
9Alexander H. Stephens named executor for John Fagan, 1874
10John A. Avary, executor for Alexander H. Stephens - credits by amounts paid, 1883
11W.W. Simpson - Penitentiary Company 3 - prisoner invoices, receipts, correspondence, 1878-1879
12W.W. Simpson - Penitentiary Company 3 - invoices, receipts, 1878
13-14W.W. Simpson - Guardian of DuBose minors - receipts, invoices, 1873-1881
15W.W. Simpson - Guardian of DuBose minors - legal, 1869-1883
16W.W. Simpson - invoices, receipts
17W.W. Simpson - plantation ledger, 1862-1876
18Irene Stephens - invoices, receipts, 1888-1889
19Irene Stephens - canceled checks, 1888-1889
20Irene Stephens - rent, 1888-1889
21Alexander W. Stephens - receipts
22Mary E. Stephens - rent receipts, lease
23Mary E. Stephens - business, insurance
24Robert L. and Janie S. Avary - business
25Janie S. Avary - insurance
26George R. Gilmer, Robert L. Avary - wills, 1859, 1902
27Robert A. and Emma Belle Stephens - deed, 1903
28Alexander W. Stephens - business, insurance
29Alexander W. Stephens - The Collector and Commercial Lawyer advertisement
30Alexander W. Stephens - election, 1907-1908
OS Folder
3Agreement to survey final townships in Michigan Territory prior to statehood - Abner Van Ness, 1837 July 22
Petition for payment - Abner Van Ness, 1839-1848
List of expenses for surveying - Abner Van Ness, 1837-1838
OS FolderFolder
41Simpson family deeds, 1818-1869
This folder includes the 1821 will of Lovica Simpson regarding seven enslaved people by the names of Old Peter and his wife Aggy, Young Peter, Bryant, Isham, Caroline, and Sapha.
2Wilkes County land surveys, 1819-1841
OS Folder
5Henry Baker - Warren County indenture and accounts, 1849-1851
203Alexander H. Stephens - plantation book, 1872
4Alexander H. Stephens - account books, 1872-1880
5Alexander H. Stephens - account book, documents, 1879
6-7Alexander H. Stephens - business, legal
8Alexander H. Stephens - land titles, 1839-1843
9Alexander H. Stephens - government documents, 1866-1882
10John L. Stephens - invoice, 1850-1853
11James A. Stephens - receipts
12John A. Stephens - notebook, wallet with railroad passes, documents, 1883-1886
13John A. Stephens - account books, 1871-1884
14John A. Stephens - signature cards
15William W. Simspon - receipts, 1818-1840
16Williamson Bird - list from sale of property, 1843
17Stephens family - estate documents, 1883-1900
18Alexander W. Stephens - plantations in Taliaferro, Wilkes and Washington property
19John Ferguson v. Sarah Taylor - Lincoln County, 1834-1842
20Henry Baker - deeds, invoices, receipts
21George Palmer - legal, land documents, 1875-1882
22Richard Roe v. John Doe - Lincoln County, 1840-1843
23Lincoln County - deeds, 1834-1845
24Lincoln County - legal documents, 1836-1842
25Deeds, legal documents, miscellaneous, 1837-1875
26Notes paid - miscellaneous

6. Scrapbooks

31Alexander H. Stephens, 1873-1874
2Alexander H. Stephens, 1880-1881
3Alexander H. Stephens, 1881-1883
41Alexander H. Stephens, 1881-1882
2Alexander H. Stephens, 1861-1870
OS Box
1Alexander H. Stephens, 1851-1867
Alexander H. Stephens, 1857
Alexander H. Stephens, 1866-1867
Alexander H. Stephens, 1877
Alexander H. Stephens, 1878-1880
101Alexander W. Stephens - campaign scrapbook, 1909-1910
OS Box
2Alexander W. Stephens - campaign book, by county, 1893-1894
Stephens family clippings
Miscellaneous prints, advertisements

7. Artifacts and ephemera

8Alexander H. Stephens Committe ribbons
Cards left at New Years reception at mansion - A.H. Stephens, Governor, 1882 January
Business and calling cards
John A. Stephens - empty envelopes
Alexander W. Stephens - empty envelopes
Various empty envelopes, wallets (2)
9Campaign cards, business cards, ribbons, souvenirs, stamps
1231Alexander H. Stephens - committee ribbons
32Alexander H. Stephens - hair, 1883 March 4
33Hand painted Christmas card - Mable Appleton, 1882
34Hand painted card to Alexander H. Stephens - Mary Floyd
35Fanny Avary - composition book - Decatur Academy, 1868-1874
36John A. Stephens - school work, penmanship
37Susan F. Avary - memorial card, 1899
38Unknown architectural sketch
39John A. Stephens - hair
13Alexander H. Stephens - empty envelopes
14Fraternal organization sash and apron
OS Folder
1Liberty Hall arch - drawing by James B. Knox, Union Point, Georgia
1John A. Stephens - small trunk