State of Georgia v. Ulysses S. Grant et al

State of Georgia v. Ulysses S. Grant et al

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Hargrett Manuscripts
Creator: Jenkins, Charles Jones, 1805-1883
Creator: United States. Supreme Court.
Title: State of Georgia v. Ulysses S. Grant et al
Dates: 1867-1868
Quantity: 1.0 folder
Coll. Number: ms3776

Biographical/Historical Note

In 1867, the State of Georgia called for a constitutional convention in order to rewrite the constitution to extend the right to vote to black males. Governor Charles J. Jenkins, an outspoken opponent of the Fourteenth Amendment who had tried to persuade the Supreme Court to issue an injunction against the Reconstruction Act, was ordered by General George Meade, who was then military commander of Georgia, to pay $40,000 to fund the convention so as to rewrite the constitution to comply with federal requirements. Jenkins refused and both he and state treasurer John Jones were removed, by Meade, from office. Both men fled the state and took with them $400,000 from the state treasury, which they deposited in a bank in New York. Jenkins and Jones were replaced by General Thomas Ruger, who served six months as provisional governor, and Charles F. Rockwell, who served as provisional treasurer. Feeling that he was wrongly and illegally outsted, Jenkins filed the Supreme Court bill The State of Georgia against Ulysses S. Grant, George G. Meade, Thomas H. Ruger, and Charles F. Rockwell (1868), alleging that the defendents had illegally seized the Governor's office and several state properties, including a railroad. In December 1867 the Supreme Court threw out the bill, titled 73 U.S. 241, citing a lack jurisdiction.


Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of the Supreme Court Bill The State of Georgia against Ulysses S. Grant, George G. Meade, Thomas H. Ruger, and Charles F. Rockwelll (1868), which presents ousted Georgia Governor Charles J. Jenkins' case against the defendents for illegally seizing the office of the governor and state property. The bill is in the form of a ten page booklet, accompanied by a two page handwritten summons and a handwritten testimony certifying "that the foregoing [bill] is a true copy." Also included is a letter from Charles J. Jenkins, Milledgeville, 1868 January 17, to Thomas Ruger regarding his removal as governor. Another letter by Jenkins, written 1868 January 29, is addressed to all defendents informing them of his plans to file a bill with the Supreme Court.


Index Terms

Georgia--Politics and government--19th century.
Governors--Georgia--History--19th century.
Grant, Ulysses S., (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885
Meade, George G., General, 1815-1872
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--Georgia.
Ruger, Thomas Howard, 1833-1907

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation note

State of Georgia v. Ulysses S. Grant et al, ms 3776, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.


Related Material

Related collections in this repository include the Joshua Hill letter to President Ulysses S. Grant, ms 1490 and the Horace Greeley letter to James Dunn, ms 1007.

Related collections in other repositories include the Charles Jones Jenkins letter, 1865, #05306, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 
BoxFolder
11Supreme court bill and letters, 1867-1868 ( 1.0 folder )