|Creator:||United States. Coast Guard.|
|Title:||United States Coast Guard photographs|
|Quantity:||0.2 Linear feet (1 half box)|
The U. S. Coast Guard, long one of the nation's armed forces, has seen combat in virtually every conflict fought by the United States since 1790. World War II saw the Coast Guard come to grips with the empire of Japan as well as the armed might of Nazi Germany. This included going into action against Adolf Hitler's vaunted submarine fleet, nicknamed "hearses" by the Coast Guardsmen who fought them to the death on the open seas. During the war the U.S. Navy credited Coast Guard forces with sinking or assisting in the sinking of thirteen of Hitler's U-boats, although the number was probably only eleven. In the Pacific Theatre the Navy credited Coast Guard warships with sinking one Japanese submarine but they probably sank two. Coast Guardsmen also captured two Nazi surface vessels and they can take pride in knowing that they were the only United States' service to do so during World War II. Additionally two U-boats surrendered to Coast Guard-manned warships at the end of hostilities, including one, U-234, that was bound for Japan transporting a cargo of uranium and the latest German rocket and jet technology. --- U.S. Coast Guard Combat Victories of World War II. (http://www.uscg.mil/history/uscghist/CombatVictoriesWWII.asp) Accessed 6/20/2011.
The collection consists of 51 official Coast Guard photographs and 1 Navy photograph taken during World War II. The photographs show combat operations both in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, against both the Nazis and the Japanese. While many photographs of ships are contained in this collection, the primary focus is almost always one or more Coast Guardsmen. Likewise, Japanese and German prisoners of war are frequent in this collection. The last folder in the collection includes 2 press releases concerning a Coast Guard photo/art exhibit and a Coast Guard combat artist.
Arranged by record type.
There is a significant amount of additional information regarding each photo on the backside of the images. These descriptions are from the Public Relations Division of the U.S. Coast Guard at Washington D.C. These were meant to assist journalists in reprinting the photos during World War II.
United States Coast Guard photographs. MS 3387. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.