M. H. Mitchell, Inc. 94th Infantry Division collection

M. H. Mitchell, Inc. 94th Infantry Division collection

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Hargrett Manuscripts
Title: M. H. Mitchell, Inc. 94th Infantry Division collection
Dates: 1940-2011
Quantity: 49.0 Linear feet (72 document boxes, 3 half boxes, 11 oversized boxes, 2 cartons)
Coll. Number: ms3352

Biographical/Historical Note

The 94th Infantry Division was activated in 1942 during World War II, although it participated in World War I and had soldiers serve during the inter-war period. The Division went overseas to Europe in 1944 and aided in numerous campaigns: Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, and Central Europe. The Division returned to the States in 1946 and was inactivated the same year. While a part of General Patton's Third United States Army, the 94th Infantry Division earned the nickname, "Patton's Golden Nugget".

The 94th's main engagement was in spring of 1945, where they were first positioned at the Saar-Moselle Triangle south of Wasserbillig and faced the Siegfried Switch Line. They proceeded to seize Tettingen, Butzdorf, and the Nennig-Berg-Wies area. At Nenning, the Germans supposedly called the Division, "Roosevelt's Butchers." In February, the division seized Campholz Woods and Sinz. On mid-February, the Division breached Siegfried Line Switch Line defenses and cleared the Berg-Munzingen Highway.

After taking the area from Orscholz and Saarburg to the Saar and Moselle Rivers in late February, General Patton ordered te Division to cross the Saar. Due to ill preparation, the crossings were failures, and the Division remained where it was. In March 1945, the Division covered a ten miles from Hocker Hill on the Saar through Zerf, and Lampaden to Ollmuth. In mid-March, they managed a crossing and reached the Rhine on 21 March, fighting in the Battle for Ludwigshafen. After three days, Ludwigshafen was taken.

In late March, the Division was moved to Krefeld, Germany and intended to contain the western side of the Ruhr Pocket from along the Rhine. In mid-April, the Division was reassigned to military government duties, first in the Krefeld and later in the Düsseldorf areas. After the conflict's conclusion, from June until November, the Division served the military government in Czechoslovakia.

Since the end of World War II, the 94th Division Association has kept the spirit of the Division alive in memorials, reunions, newsletters, and other projects. The first official Association reunion was in 1949, and they have continued annually ever since.

M.H. Mitchell, Inc. has undertaken the task of collecting the documents, letters, diaries, histories, photographs and all the information available of the members of the 94th Infantry Division. The intent is to provide the largest collection of a WWII division where these materials can be viewed, read, researched and appreciated in perpetuity for those who are dedicated to history which includes the state of Georgia.


Scope and Content Note

The M.H. Mitchell, Inc -- 94th Infantry Divisoin Collection contains a wide variety of materials and covers an impressive breadth of topics. A large portion is dedicated to the 94th Infantry Commemorative History book and the 94th Infantry Division Association. Much of the collection revolves around veterans' activities. However, some original World War II artifacts, photographs, scrapbooks, writings, and correspondence are also included in the collection.

The 94th Infantry Commemorative History book series contains correspondence reflecting on World War II and the 94th. Folders often include obituaries and memorials about deceased 94th veterans. The vast majority are letters to Robert Cassel regarding his upcoming book about the 94th Infantry in World War II. The correspondence to Cassel is typically from the 1980s and 1990s. The general topic of these letters are donations which are not contained in the folders but were given to Cassel to include in his book.

The World War II correspondence series contains correspondence from World War II, donated to the "94th Infantry Division Commemorative History," run by Robert Cassel. These include a considerable amount from different individuals.

The 94th Division Association series focuses entirely on veteran events and activities of the 94th. This series contains the full original breadth of the Association's minute books from 1955 to 2007. It also contains financial papers, organization procedures, and the names and addresses of members, sorted variously by state and/or unit.

The subject files series contain original and copied documents about a variety of topics centered on the 94th Division's experience in World War II and their veteran activities afterwards.

The writings series contain mostly memoirs of 94th Infantry soldiers after their World War II service. There are a few collected anecdotes from Cassel's book and several compliations of veterans' memoirs from their infantry service. There is a large subseries related to the book, "Patton's Ghost Corps" by Nathan Prefer. This includes a sizeable amount of Prefer's original research material.

The printed material series covers a diverse array of texts. These include published memoris by 94th veterans, reunion programs, 94th Division histories, and topical books to the 94th. Several subseries include original material from World War II, such as the G.I. Stories, the War Department Manuals, the newsletters, and the magazines.

The scrapbooks series contain several deconstructed scrapbooks. A few of these are personal, but most are topical.

The photographs series includes individual donated photographs, divided by donor, and a large number from the Commemorative History books. There are a few full albums.

The artifacts series has an impressive spread of items: framed letters, plaques, medals, reunion memorabilia, and posters. Remarkably, this series includes many captured Nazi items, such as daggers, ribbons, and flags. There are several military bags and other cloth materials.

The oversized materials series concentrates on posters, maps, full-sized posters, and drawings by Bill Foley.

The media series includes an extensive number of videotapes and DVDs, as well as a few other recordings. Many of these focus on reunions, but others are topical to the 94th, its overseas campaigns, and veterans from the Division.


Arrangement

Arranged by record type.


Index Terms

Absentee voting--United States.
Aerial observation (Military science)--Photographs.
Artifacts.
Correspondence
Cross of Lorraine--Specimens.
Lehfeldt, William W.
Maloney, Harry J. -- Photographs
Medals.
Military records.
Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei. -- Insignia
United States. Army. Infantry Division, 94th. -- Photographs
United States. Army. Infantry Division, 94th. -- Records and correspondence
V-mail--Specimens.
World War, 1939-1945--Antiquities.
World War, 1939-1945--Flags.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

M.H. Mitchell, Inc. 94th Infantry Division collection, MS 3352. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Donated by David Mitchell of M.H. Mitchell, Inc. in several accessions between 2000 and 2011.


Related Material

Related materials available in the following collections of this repository: William W. Lehfeld collection.