|Creator:||United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.|
|Title:||John J. Knox papers|
|Quantity:||0.8 Linear feet (2 document boxes)|
John J. Knox was born on February 3, 1835 in Onandaga, New York. He enlisted in Company D of the Fifth Michigan Infantry in 1861 after having been expelled (for his Union sentiments) from the state of Mississippi where he had been a teacher. In 1862 he assumed command of his company and was gravely wounded at the Battle of Fair Oaks the same year. Unfit for further battle duty, he served as Provost Marshall at Plattsburgh, New York and Scranton, Pennsylvania. After the war, he served in the Freedmen's Bureau in Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. He later worked for the Department of Interior in Indian Territory. Knox died of complications from his war wound on April 19, 1877.
The collection consists of 2 boxes of material. Box 1 contains papers relating for the most part to Knox's career after the war, mainly when he worked for the Freedmen's Bureau in Mississippi and Georgia. Included are clippings from his personal scrapbook, affidavits, letters, manuscript speeches, military documents, and other material. The clippings include letters he wrote to the editor along with articles about his work and experiences in the Freedmen's Bureau and also the Dpt. of Interior. Most of the speeches, covering a wide array of topics, were probably written during the time he was a teacher in Mississippi prior to the war. Of particular interest are also two speeches he gave at the Knox Institute (a Freedmen's school named after him) in Athens, Georgia. Box 2 contains material relating mainly to Knox's family. Included are letters (many addressed to Clarkston, Michigan), an account book, photographs, and other miscellany.
Arranged into 2 series by topic.
John J. Knox papers, MS 3119. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.