|Creator:||Sons of Temperance of North America. Cane Creek Division (Rutherford County, N.C.).|
|Title:||Sons of Temperance Ledger|
|Quantity:||0.1 Linear feet (1 portfolio)|
In the 1830s and 1840s, many Americans worried that increasingly immoderate drinking ruined health, disrupted families and fostered irreligious behavior. To counter these social ills, men joined organizations that encouraged temperance. One of the first such American groups was the Sons of Temperance. In 1842, founders organized the Sons in New York "to reform drunkards and to prevent others from becoming drunkards." As part of an initiation ceremony, every new member swore not to make, buy, sell or use alcohol. National Heritage Museum - Sons of temperance http://nationalheritagemuseum.typepad.com/library_and_archives/sons-of-temperance/ (Retrieved August 20, 2009)
Dr. Matthew F. Stephenson (assayer at the Dahlonega Branch Mint 1850-1853) was the owner of the Stephenson Gold Mining Company. He is known for trying to persuade miners to stay instead of joining the California gold rush. His oration gave rise to the phrases "thar's gold in them thar hills" and "there's millions in it".
The collection consists a ledger with three sections. The first and largest section of the ledger is the Sons of Temperance, Cane Creek Division in Rutherford County, North Carolina. Included are rules of order, constitution, names of members and their occupations, and accounts of members from 1852-1855. The second section is the Stephenson Gold Mining Company in Dahlonega, Georgia. There are four pages of minutes from September and October, 1861. The third section is the Dahlonega Debating Society in Dahlonega, Georgia. Included are the constitution, by-laws, list of members, and minutes in 1871.
Sons of Temperance Ledger. MS 3096. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.