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Georgia played a significant role during America's participation in World War I (1917-18). The state was home to more training camps than any other state and by the war's end had contributed more than 100,000 men and women to the war effort. Georgia also suffered from the effects of the influenza pandemic, a tragic maritime disaster, local political fights, and wartime homefront restrictions. The state had five major federal military installations when the United States entered the war in 1917.
The oldest garrison was Fort McPherson, located south of Atlanta, which opened in 1889; the newest was Fort Oglethorpe, constructed near the Tennessee border just a few years after the Spanish-American War in 1898. Fort Screven, a large coastal artillery station on Tybee Island, guarded the entrance to the Savannah River. Augusta housed both the South's oldest federal arsenal, the Arsenal at Augusta, and the army's second military airfield, Camp Hancock. Georgia had many war-training camps as well. The large national army cantonment at Camp Gordon, which opened in July 1917, was located in Chamblee, northeast of Atlanta, and was the training site of the famous Eighty-second All-American Division. The division included men from several different states, but Georgians made up almost half its number.
National Guard training camps were based in Augusta and Macon; Augusta's Camp Hancock was home to the Twenty-eighth Keystone Division, while Camp Wheeler in Macon hosted the Thirty-first Dixie Division, which was entered by almost all of Georgia's National Guard. Eventually more than 12,000 Georgians were active in the Thirty-first. Specialist camps, such as Camp Greenleaf for military medical staff, Camp Forrest for engineers, and Camp Jesup for Transport Corps troops, were scattered around the state. At Souther Field, located northeast of Americus, a flight school trained almost 2,000 military pilots for combat in the skies over France. New Georgia Encyclopedia. (http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-3223&sug=y) Retrieved 9/11/2009.
The collection consists of a variety of images including photographs of the University of Georgia and World War I training camps. Many of the University of Georgia photographs include views of the College of Agriculture, dance/drama scenes, and Sanford Field. The World War I training camp scenes are all unidentified as far as location, but could possibly be scenes at Camp Stephens near Gainesville, Georgia. There are also a few folders of unidentified people and places. At the end of the collection are four letters from a J. W. Sheppard who, judging from the contents of the letters, could possibly have had something to do with the production of these photographs.
Arranged by record type.
Georgia photographs. MS 3040. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.