|Creator:||Lee, Mary Custis, 1835-1918|
|Creator:||Lee, Robert E., (Robert Edward), 1807-1870|
|Title:||Robert E. Lee collection|
|Dates:||1838-1872, bulk 1861-1864|
|Quantity:||0.4 Linear feet (18 items located in Vault Box 3)|
Robert Edward Lee was born in January 1807 and died in October 1870. He is best known for serving as the Confederate General in command of the Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War. He served in the United States Army for 32 years before joining the ranks of the Confederacy in April 1861. His victories included the Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of the Wilderness, Battle of Cold Harbor, Seven Days Battles, and the Second Battle of Bull Run. However, he failed terrifically at Antietam and Gettysburg.
After being worn down militarily throughout 1864, Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. While he did apply for amnesty and pardon, President Johnson did not grant either to him after the war's end. In September 1870, Lee suffered a stroke and then experienced a bout of pneumonia that ultimately took his life.
The collection consists of papers relating to Robert E. Lee or the Lee family from 1838-1872. The bulk of the collection (1861-1864) contains correspondence from Lee regarding military activities of the Confederate Army during the Civil War. The letters discuss troop movements; supplies for troops; battle strategies for Elk Mountain, the Huntersville campaign, Cheat Mountain (W. Va.), and Dalton (Ga.); an exchange of prisoners (1862); casualty estimates at the battle of Fredericksburg; and reinforcement needs. Correspondees include Joseph E. Brown, Howell Cobb, and Henry Rootes Jackson. The collection also includes mid-19th century copies of 18th century land grants and indentures of John Parke Custis and a letter of Mary Custis Lee dated January 1872, Arlington (Va.) pertaining to proof of purchase of Arlington and the validity of her title to the property.
Cataloged as part of the Georgia Archives and Manuscripts Automated Access project: A Special Collections Gateway Program of the University Center in Georgia.
Portions of this collection have been digitized and are available online as part of America's Turning Point: Documenting the Civil War Experience in Georgia.
Robert E. Lee collection. MS 302a. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.