|Creator:||Malmstedt, Philip John|
|Title:||Philip John Malmstedt collection|
|Quantity:||0.2 Linear feet (1 half box)|
"Jonathan M. Wainwright [was the] U.S. Army general who won distinction as the hero of Bataan and Corregidor in the defense of the Philippines against Japanese attack during World War II. After he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. (1906), Wainwright joined the cavalry and saw action in Europe during World War I. In September 1940 he was promoted to major general and sailed for Manila to take command of the Philippine Division. Thus, when World War II broke out in the Far East (December 1941), he was already a seasoned leader of well-trained U.S. and Filipino troops. When General Douglas MacArthur left the Philippines to assume a higher post (March 1942), Wainwright was given command of all U.S. forces remaining in the islands - a situation that was already militarily hopeless. Retreating finally from the peninsula of Bataan to the island fortress of Corregidor in Manila harbour, Wainwright was forced on May 6 to surrender his hungry, battle-scarred forces to the Japanese. From then until August 1945 he and his men were held prisoners of war in Taiwan and in Manchuria. After the Japanese surrender in 1945, he returned home to receive a hero's welcome and the Medal of Honor." -- "Jonathan M. Wainwright" from Encyclopaedia Britannica (Accessed September 28, 2009)
Edward Postell King, Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia in 1884. He obtained a law degree from the University of Georgia, but later applied for a commission in the United States Army. He served in both World War I and World War II. In World War II, he served under Generals MacArthur and Wainwright. In 1942 he became the commanding general of the Philippine-American forces on Bataan, which he was forced to surrender days after assuming command. He then spent over three years as a prisoner of war of the Japanese.
The collection consists of twelve photographs (including three duplicates), depicting groups of soldiers and commanders in the East Asian theater. Circa 1945. Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright and Lieutenant General Edward P. King appear in a number of photos. Also included are copies of four books related to the war: A Guide Book to Calcutta, Agra, Delhi, Karachi and Bombay; Yank's Magic Carpet; The American-British Challenge Directed Against Nippon; and In Defence of Greater East Asia.
Arranged in chronological order.
Philip John Malmstedt collection, 1941-1945. MS 2832. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.