Stanford, Henry King, 1916-2009
|Title: ||H.K. Stanford Collection|
3.0 Linear feet
(10 oversized folders C, 2 flat boxes)
|Abstract:||The collection consists of 14 German posters, 1 diary transcript, 1 Nazi flag-banner, and 3 playbills from performances in Heidelberg, Germany. All of these items were collected by Dr. Henry King Stanford during his studies at the University of Heidelberg between September of 1936 and July of 1937. The accession folder for this collection also contains Stanford's narrative translations of the posters, as well as photocopies of three postcards and one Coca-Cola Nazi-era beer mat.|
|Coll. Number: ||ms2674|
Dr. Henry King Stanford (April 22, 1916 – January 1, 2009) was a lifelong educator and served in the upper administration of several American universities and colleges.
Dr. Stanford earned four degrees and 13 honorary doctorates throughout his life. He graduated from Emory University in 1936 with two bachelor’s degrees in German and History/International Relations. He earned a Master of Science degree from the University of Denver and a Ph.D. in Political Science and Public Administration from New York University.
During his professional life, Dr. Stanford served as the president of five different Universities: Georgia Southwestern College (1948-1950), Georgia State College for Women (1953-1956), Birmingham Southern College (1956-1957), the University of Miami (1962-1981), and the University of Georgia (1986-1987). On all of the campuses he worked at, he was known for his progress social views and his friendly, personable approach to students, faculty, and staff. He favored integration and the adoption of co-educational policies to allow women to attend previously all male schools. His belief in these principles led to his resignation from his post as President of Birmingham Southern College because state authorities fought his efforts to integrate. As President of the University of Miami, he worked with the students and administration to have the playing of “Dixie” by the school band banned – making the University of Miami the first Southern College or University to do so.
After his retirement in 1981 to Americus, Georgia, Dr. Stanford remained active in educational policy and research. He served on several boards, e.g., the UGA Task Force for Environmental Studies, and gave lectures on topics as varied as “the Nazi Movement and the Growth of Anti-Semitism” to “Sustainability on College Campuses.” As yet another sign of his spryness during this period of his life, he was known to travel with his wife quite frequently and even spent time climbing portions of the Nepalese Himalayas.
This collection resulted from materials gathered during the academic year of 1936-1937, when Dr. Stanford spent time as a post-graduate at the University of Heidelberg. Attempting to fill a gap year between finishing school and being old enough to apply to take the United States Foreign Services Exam, one of Dr. Stanford’s professors from Emory suggested he spend the year improving his German and gaining a better understanding of German culture. Upon his arrival in Heidelberg, the young Dr. Stanford began keeping a diary and collecting posters that depicted events he attended and political messages of the day. Dr. Stanford later described the experience as creating great internal conflict within him, noting: “On the one hand, I had studied German and loved the literature and the philosophy, but I disliked so much of what I saw and heard [in relation to the Nazi movement].”
Additional Sources: “Henry King Stanford.” Wikipedia. http://www.libs.uga.edu/hargrett/pexhibit/presiden/stanford.html
Arranged by record type.
H. K. Stanford Collection, 1936-1937. MS 2674. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.
Dr. Stanford's Presidential Papers can be found in the University Archives as collection #...., as well as a lamp decorated with German inscriptions.