H.K. Stanford Collection

H.K. Stanford Collection

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Hargrett Manuscripts
Creator: Stanford, Henry King, 1916-2009
Title: H.K. Stanford Collection
Dates: 1936-1937
Quantity: 3.0 Linear feet (10 oversized folders C, 2 flat boxes)
Abstract:The collection consists of 14 German posters, 1 diary transcript, 1 Nazi flag-banner, and 3 playbills from performances in Heidelberg, Germany. All of these items were collected by Dr. Henry King Stanford during his studies at the University of Heidelberg between September of 1936 and July of 1937. The accession folder for this collection also contains Stanford's narrative translations of the posters, as well as photocopies of three postcards and one Coca-Cola Nazi-era beer mat.
Coll. Number: ms2674
Location: 32108050751810

Biographical/Historical Note

Dr. Henry King Stanford (April 22, 1916 – January 1, 2009) was a lifelong educator and served in the upper administration of several American universities and colleges.

Dr. Stanford earned four degrees and 13 honorary doctorates throughout his life. He graduated from Emory University in 1936 with two bachelor’s degrees in German and History/International Relations. He earned a Master of Science degree from the University of Denver and a Ph.D. in Political Science and Public Administration from New York University.

During his professional life, Dr. Stanford served as the president of five different Universities: Georgia Southwestern College (1948-1950), Georgia State College for Women (1953-1956), Birmingham Southern College (1956-1957), the University of Miami (1962-1981), and the University of Georgia (1986-1987). On all of the campuses he worked at, he was known for his progress social views and his friendly, personable approach to students, faculty, and staff. He favored integration and the adoption of co-educational policies to allow women to attend previously all male schools. His belief in these principles led to his resignation from his post as President of Birmingham Southern College because state authorities fought his efforts to integrate. As President of the University of Miami, he worked with the students and administration to have the playing of “Dixie” by the school band banned – making the University of Miami the first Southern College or University to do so.

After his retirement in 1981 to Americus, Georgia, Dr. Stanford remained active in educational policy and research. He served on several boards, e.g., the UGA Task Force for Environmental Studies, and gave lectures on topics as varied as “the Nazi Movement and the Growth of Anti-Semitism” to “Sustainability on College Campuses.” As yet another sign of his spryness during this period of his life, he was known to travel with his wife quite frequently and even spent time climbing portions of the Nepalese Himalayas.

This collection resulted from materials gathered during the academic year of 1936-1937, when Dr. Stanford spent time as a post-graduate at the University of Heidelberg. Attempting to fill a gap year between finishing school and being old enough to apply to take the United States Foreign Services Exam, one of Dr. Stanford’s professors from Emory suggested he spend the year improving his German and gaining a better understanding of German culture. Upon his arrival in Heidelberg, the young Dr. Stanford began keeping a diary and collecting posters that depicted events he attended and political messages of the day. Dr. Stanford later described the experience as creating great internal conflict within him, noting: “On the one hand, I had studied German and loved the literature and the philosophy, but I disliked so much of what I saw and heard [in relation to the Nazi movement].”

Additional Sources: “Henry King Stanford.” Wikipedia. http://www.libs.uga.edu/hargrett/pexhibit/presiden/stanford.html


Arrangement

Arranged by record type.


Index Terms

Correspondence.
Diaries.
Flags--Germany.
Flags.
Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei. -- Posters
Nazi propaganda--Germany--Heidelberg--Specimens.
Posters.
Stanford, Henry King, 1916-2009 -- Diaries
World War, 1939-1945--Posters.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

H. K. Stanford Collection, 1936-1937. MS 2674. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.


Related Material

Dr. Stanford's Presidential Papers can be found in the University Archives as collection #...., as well as a lamp decorated with German inscriptions.


Series Descriptions and Folder Listing

 

German Posters



Nazi Political Posters

OS Folder
2C"Der Bolschewismus" ("Bolshevism"), October 1936 ( "Great Anti-Bolshevism Exhibit / Karlsruhe Municipal Exhibit Hall, Garden Street / Open daily from 10 to 21 o'clock / Admission tickets for the price of 30 pfennigs at all service posts of the Party; at the gate 50 pfennigs." Depicts a spider with a bleedings skull wearing a Soviet helmet "crushing" the world. )
OS Folder
3C"Weiter mit Hitler" ("Farther with Hitler"), 1936 ( "1932: Little state-ness, torn to pieces-ness, without power / 1936: A solid people in a restrengthened empire." Depicts two maps of Germany: the top shows a disjointed/decentralized Germany attributed to the Weimar Republic, the bottom depicts a Germany united by the Nazi Party. )
OS Folder
4C"Die Ernte Steht" ("The harvest is standing"), 1937 ( "Help cut it / Student Harvest help, 1937 / Registration at the local student group" Depicts two large stalks of wheat on a blue background. )
OS Folder
5A"Student! Studentin!" ("Students! Co-eds!"), 1937 ( "Freedom!: After four years Germany is free. Versilles is torn to peices. Germany won in peace this first battle. / Bread!: Jewish hate and envy want to force us to our knees economically. Germany is shaking these chains off too. Germany must win in peace also this second battle. / All Germany is helping!: What foreign countries are holding back from us, German work strength of first and brow are creating. German rubber, German gasoline, German cellular wool are the first accomplishments. / The harvest is standing!: After four years of reconstruction the most important work strengths are missing. Bread for the economic freedom fight must be assured. Every German must help the peasants in this work. Assure daily bread for work. / Students are helping!: Here lies our next assignment. Here we can hep the Fuhrer. The entire German national community is giving us the possibility for study. We must thank peasants and workers for this through deeds. / Students in front!: Register yourself for the 1937 Harvest Help! / The local student leadership receives inquires." )
OS Folder
6C"Karerad! Studentin!" ("Comrade, Co-ed!"), 1936-1937 ( "Thousands of men and women students have gone out during the last three years to prove their National Socialist will through unselfish work on the farm and in the factory. German students, therefore, have become the storm troopers through their efforts in agricultural and industrial service, and the decision of German students will always find strength for this second effort. Student effort is freewill effort of honor in the development of the nation and social challenge of the National Socialist world outlook: General wellfare goes before individual welfare! / Dr. G.A. Scheel / National Student Leader" )



Student Rally and Festival Posters

OS Folder
1C"Grosskundgebung: Der Reichsstudentenbunds Fuhrer" ("Big Rally: The Foreign Student League Leaders"), Feb. 17, 1937
OS Folder
7C"Gautag der NSDAP" ("District Dat of the NSDAP"), April, 1937
OS Folder
8C"Schlageter Gedaditnis-Feier" ("Schlageter Memorial Festival"), May 29, 1937 ( Depicts a wooden cross merged with the German Eagle in front of men carrying Nazi flags. )
OS Folder
9C"Gonnwendfeier" ("Sundown Festival"), June 19, 1937 ( "Sundown Festival of the disctrict of Baden of the National Socialist German Workers Party / June 19, 1937, 20:45 o'clock, Ceremonial Place of the Holy Mountain, Heidelberg" Depicts an amphitheater located on a hill opposite the Heidelberg Castle across the Neckar River. )
OS Folder
10C"Reichs-arbeitstagung der Deutschen Studenten-Fuhrer" ("National Working Conference of German Student Leaders"), June 1937 ( Depicts a swastika next to a lion with a book, the Heidelberg Castle symbol. )
OS Folder
1C"Grosskundgebung: Adolf Wagner" ("Big Rally: Adolf Wagner"), June 23, 1937
1C"Grosses Schlossfest" ("Large Castle Festival"), June 25, 1937



Performance Posters

OS Folder
1C"Serenaden-Konzerte im Schlosshof" ("Serenade-Concert in the Courtyard"), May - June 1937 ( Provides a list of performances by the Heidelberg City Orchestra during the first half of the summer of 1937. )
BoxFolder
11"Serenaden-Konzert in Schloss-hof" ("Serenade-Concert in the Courtyard"), May 6, 1937
1"Serenaden-Konzert im Schloss-hof" ("Serenade-Concert in the Courtyard"), May 15, 1937
1"Serenaden-Konzert im Schloss-hof" ("Serenade-Concert in the Courtyard"), May 26, 1937
OS Folder
1C"Der Feldherr und der Fuhnrich" ("The General and the Ensign"), July 3, 1937
 

Nazi Memorabilia

Box
2Nazi Flag Banner ( Approx. 8ft x 4ft red banner with Nazi Swastika in white and black in center. )
 

H. K. Stanford Personal Correspondence and Reflections

BoxFolder
12Transcript of H.K. Stanford's study abroad diary, 1936-1937