Albert Colbey Smith papers

Albert Colbey Smith papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Hargrett Manuscripts
Creator: Smith, Albert Colbey, d. 1985
Title: Albert Colbey Smith papers
Dates: 1972-1985
Quantity: 4.0 Linear feet (5 document boxes, 4 half boxes, 2 large card file boxes)
Coll. Number: ms2526

Biographical/Historical Note

Albert Colbey Smith was a historian and a former student of the University of Georgia. He was awarded his Master's degree in history in 1975 and went on to become Doctor of Philosophy in 1982, also at the University of Georgia. Dr. Smith suffered an untimely death due to serious illness in 1985. In commemoration of his scholarship, his papers have been added to the archives of the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library at the University of Georgia.

Scope and Content Note

Papers relating to Smith's Ph. D. dissertation entitled "Down Freedom's Road: The Contours of Race, Class, and Property Crime in Black-Belt Georgia, 1866-1910", dealing with the social significance of crime in race relations after the Civil War, focusing on the counties of Baldwin, McIntosh, and Terrell in Georgia. Includes a copy of his dissertation, research material, drafts, revisions, notes, and photocopies and reprints of much of the material cited in his bibliography.

The organization of these papers remains largely that of Dr. Smith. Folders were collected under general subject headings to facilitate use of the material but the ordering of material within the folders is as Dr. Smith left it. The only exceptions to this were made in the case of photocopies or reprints of articles, papers, or books made use of by Dr. Smith. These have been set apart from what is properly his work. Also, some few folders of his organization have been combined into single folders where appropriate and a folder to hold miscellaneous items extraneous to any specific folder/subject heading was introduced. Dr. Smith's original inventory can be found in folder 2:14.

The first two Hollinger boxes include his writings, revisions thereof and notes thereon. Box 1 contains the chapter drafts of the dissertation itself. These are labelled individually by chapter as being either "pre-" or "post-Holmes", William F. Holmes having been Dr. Smith's dissertation director and major professor. Occasional remarks from him upon Mr. Smith's work are to be found in "post-Holmes" folders. Box 2 has for its first three folders more general notes related to the writing of the dissertation. The next ten folders contain papers either preliminary to, drawn from, or enlarging upon the stuff of the dissertation. Three of these papers merit special mention: one, 2:4 written prior to his Master's thesis and perhaps his first work on historical crime and its social significance; another, 2:5, concerning (black) women as suspects in and/or victims of crime; and a third, 2:13 including 2:9-2:12, which received posthumous publication in the Journal of Southern History, November 1985. The latter article was rejected upon first submission and was thereupon extensively revised by Dr. Smith, which revision is documented in the aforementioned five folders. Also in Box 2 are two folders of miscellaneous material, one made up of general miscellany and the other a copy of the 'Altamaha Ledger', the origin and significance of which is uncertain (it is not listed in Dr. Smith's dissertation bibliography.)

Boxes 3A, 3B, 3C and Box 4 include research specific notes. Boxes 3A, 3B, and 3C concern Baldwin, McIntosh, and Terrell counties respectively. These three Georgia counties were the foci of Dr. Smith's study of 'race, class, and property crime in "Black-Belt" Georgia.' Box 4 is of more general research, in the main pertinent to the dissertation but also including a folder on Whitfield County which is situated in the Appalachian foothills and not part of the 'Black-Belt'. It seems Dr. Smith had the intention of studying this region at some point in time, which is further evidenced by the inclusion of photocopied sections of three books on Appalachian culture in the following boxes.

Boxes 5, 6, and 6A contain the photocopies and reprints of other author's writings. These are arranged alphabetically by author's surname. Nearly half of these works are cited in the bibliography of Dr. Smith's dissertation. Accordingly, in the following inventory listing for the collection, if the item is listed in the dissertation bibliography, reference is made to the bibliography, with a page number given as the place of the entry there. If the item is not listed in the dissertation bibliography, a bibliographic-type entry is provided by the inventory listing. Publication dates are given for all material (when known). One volume of essays not listed in the inventory listing as a book but rather by individual essays requires an entry of its own:

Williamson, J. W., Ed. An Appalachian Symposium: Essays written in Honor of Curtis D. Williams. Boone, N.C.: Appalachian Journal / Appalachian Consortium Press, C. 1977.

Boxes 7 and 8 contain notecards. These were used by Dr. Smith as he researched government documents and newspaper records. Many of these are numbered and are referred to in other of Dr. Smith's papers. Although numbered, these cards have not been indexed and no attempt was made to reorganize them differently from that way in which Dr. Smith had kept them.

All in all, this collection represents the work of a scholar. Dr. Albert C. Smith was a disciplined and discerning historian and student of history. No doubt he would have gone on to make significant contributions to his field of expertise, i.e., criminal history, particularly the study of arson. What contribution he did make is worthy of recognition and respect. The care he took in researching and writing his dissertation and the later article can be clearly seen upon examination of this collection. A creative process is here displayed for study. Of more special interest, the findings of an historian can be checked so as to help substantiate his testimony and establish his authority as an historian.

Index Terms

African Americans--Georgia.
African Americans--History.
Baldwin County (Ga.)--History.
Georgia--Race relations.
Graduate students--Georgia.
McIntosh County (Ga.)--History.
Offenses against property--Georgia.
Social classes--Research--Georgia.
Terrell County (Ga.)--History.

General Notes

In part, photocopies.

Administrative Information

Ownership and Custodial History

Gift of Art A. Stanley, executor of the estate of Albert C. Smith, 1987.

Preferred Citation note

Albert Colbey Smith papers. MS 2526. Hargrett Rare Book & Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing


Series 1: Writings by Smith

Subseries 1a: Dissertation

11Chapter I : "pre-Holmes"
2Chapter I : "post-Holmes"
3Chapter II : "pre-Holmes"
4Chapter II ; "post-Holmes"
5-Copies, Chapters I & II
6Chapter III: "pre-Holmes"
7Chapter III: "post-Holmes"
8-Copy, Chapter III
9Chapter IV : "pre-Holmes"
10Chapter IV : "post-Holmes"
11Chapter V : "pre-Holmes"
12Chapter V : "post-Holmes"
13Chapter VI : "pre-Holmes"
14Chapter VI : "post-Holmes"
16Computations and Tables
17Miscellaneous Notes
21Outlines, Chronologies
2Bibliography, Sources
3Miscellaneous Notes

Subseries 1b: Other Writings

24HIS 814C Term Paper. "Crime and Instability in Terrell County, Georgia: 1866 to 1894", 1972
5"Myths and Realities in Southern Violence: Women as Suspects and Victims in Black-Belt Georgia, 1866-1910"
6"Race, Class, and Property Crime in Georgia's Black-Belt, 1866-1910"
7"Race, Class, and Violent Property Crime: A Study of the Social and Economic Origins of Arson in Rural Georgia, 1866-1910"
8Organization of American Historians. "Barn Burning, 'Matches in the Cotton,' and Violent Property Crime: A Study of Arson and Black Protest in Rural Georgia, 1866-1910", 1982
Paper delivered at Annual Meeting
9 Journal of Southern History Resubmission Draft of Article. "'Southern Violence' Reconsidered: Arson as Protest in Black-Belt Georgia, 1865-1910"
10 Journal of Southern History Resubmission Draft Footnotes
11 Journal of Southern History Notes on Resubmission Draft Changes
12 Journal of Southern History Resubmission Draft Addition and Notes
13 Journal of Southern History Article as Published. "'Southern Violence' Reconsidered: Arson as Protest in Black-Belt Georgia, 1865-1910", November 1985

Series 2: Research Materials

Subseries 2a: Miscellany

15Copy, Altamaha Ledger

Subseries 2b: Baldwin County Research

3A1County History
2Tax Digests
3Court Records

Subseries 2c: McIntosh County Research

3B1County History
2Tax Digests
3Court Records

Subseries 2d: Terrell County Research

3C1County History
2Tax Digests
3Court Records
4Court Records

Subseries 2e: General Research (Diss.)

2Census by Profession
3Class Structure
4Economic Indicators
5Planter Persistence
6Government Documents
7Tunis G. Campbell
8Whitfield County Court Records
9Crime by Case Code
10Prison Records
12Suicide and Vandalism
14Politics, Voting
15Other, Later Tax Digests
16Maps and Tables
17Housing: Milledgeville
18Notes from the Diaries of John Girardeau Legaré
19Notes from the Diary of Archibald C. McKinley
20Miscellaneous Reading Notes

Series 3: Miscellaneous Source Material

51Armstrong, Thomas F. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 258), February 1980
2Armstrong, Thomas F. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 268), April 1980
3Armstrong, Thomas F. "The Transformation of Work: Turpentine Workers in Coastal Georgia, 1880-1917". (A paper prepared for presentation to the Third Citadel Conference of the South.), April 1981
4Ayers, Edward L. "The Shape of Serious Crime in the Nineteenth-Century South". (A paper prepared for delivery at the 1982 Annual Meeting of the Organization of American Historians.), 1982
5Banks, Enoch. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 268), 1905
6Bateson, Gregory. Steps to an Ecology of Mind, 1972
7Bonner, James C. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 260), Fall 1971
8Brewer, John and Styles, John. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 260), 1980
9Brooks, Robert P. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 268), 1914
10Brown, Louie. An Appalachian Symposium-Introduction, 1977
11Burton, Orville Vernon and McMath, Robert C. Jr. Class, Conflict, and Consensus, 1982
12Campbell, John C. The Southern Highlander and His Homeland, 1921
13Campbell, Tunis G. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 268), 1877
14Cash, Wilbur Joseph. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 268), 1960
15Christler, Ethel Maude. (Diss. Bibliography, pp. 268-69), June 1932
16Cohen, David and Johnson, Eric A. "French Criminality: Urban-Rural Differences in the Nineteenth Century" Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Winter 1982
17Crain, Alan J. An Appalachian Symposium-"On the Attempt to be a Sensitive Observer in Appalachia", 1977
18Cressey, Paul Frederick. "Social Disorganization and Reorganization in Harlan County, Kentucky" (A paper read at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Society.), December 1948
19Dana, William B. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 269), 1878
20DeCanio, Stephen J. "Accumulation and Discrimination in the Postbellum South". Explorations in Economic History, 1979
21Demos, John. "Families in Colonial Bristol, Rhode Island: An Exercise in Historical Demography". William and Mary Quarterly, January 1968
22Dobb, Maurice Herbert. Studies in the Development of Capitalism, 1947
23Dobson, Jeffrey R. and Doyon, Roy. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 269), June 1979
24Drago, Edmund L. Black Politicians and Reconstruction in Georgia, 1982
25Engerrand, Steven W. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 269), 1981
26Ferdinand, Theodore M. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 262), June 1967
27Floud, Roderick. Quantitative Methods for Historians, 1973
28Ford, Arthur M. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 270), 1973
29Friedberger, Mark. "Education and Social Structure: Early Twentieth Century Iowa" (Paper 76-6 in a series entitled "The Newberry Papers in Family and Community History" issued by the Newberry Library, Chicago, IL ), December 1976
30Gallman, Robert E. "Professor Pessen on the 'Egalitarian Myth'" Social Science History, Winter 1978
31Gastil, Raymond D. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 262), June 1971
32Goldin, Claudia. "' N' Kinds of Freedom". Explorations in Economic History, 1979
33Graham, Hugh Davis. "The Paradox of American Violence Revisited" (A paper read at the annual meeting of the American Historical Association.), December 1978
61Hackney, Sheldon. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 262), February 1969
2Hahn, Steven. "The Roots of Southern Populism: White Yeoman Farmers, Tennants, and Sharecroppers in Upper Piedmont Georgia, 1850-1890" (Dissertation Prospectus, Yale University), November 1975
3Hammett, Theodore M. "Two Mobs of Jacksonian Boston: Ideology and Interest". The Journal of American History, 1974
4Hindus, Michael S. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 263), December 1976
5Hindus, Michael S. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 263), 1980
6Hoffmann, Charles. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 270), June 1956
7Holmes, William F. "The Politics of White Supremacy: Disfranchisement in the Lower South". An essay included in Gulf Coast Politics in the Twentieth Century Ted Carageorge, Ed., 1972
8Holmes, William F. "The Leflore County Massacre and the Demise of the Colored Farmers' Alliance" Phylon, 1973
9Holmes, William F. "Whitecapping: Anti-Semitism in the Populist Era". American Jewish Historical Quarterly, March 1974
10Holton, Robert J. "The Crowd in History: Some Problems of Theory and Method" Social History, May 1978
11House, Albert V. Jr. "The Management of a Rice Plantation in Georgia, 1834-1861, as revealed in the Journal of Hugh Fraser Grant". American History. (cf. Diss. Bibliography, p. 271), October 1939
12House, Albert V. Jr. "Charles Manigault's Essay on the Open Planting of Rice" American History, October 1942
13Hurst, James Willard. Law and Social Process, 1960
14Hurst, James Willard. Law and Social Order, 1977
15Jacobson, Alvin L. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 264), September 1975
16Kephart, Horace. Our Southern Highlanders, 1913
17Kerr, Ed. " Southerners who set the Woods on Fire". Harper's Magazine, July 1958
18Kilian, Martin A. and Tatom, E. Lynn. "Marx, Hegel, and the Marxian of the Master Class: Eugene D. Genovese on Slavery" The Journal of Negro History, Fall 1981
20Kundert, Kenneth R. and Bargmann, Rolf E. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 278), 1972
21Kuznets, Simon. Capital in the American Economy: Its Formation and Financing, 1961
22Lane, Roger. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 264), Fall 1968
23Loftin, Colin and Hill, Robert H. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 264), October 1974
24Magdol, Edward. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 271), 1977
25Mandle, Jay R. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 271), Spring 1972
26Mandle, Jay R. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 271), 1978
27McDonald, Forrest and McWhiney, Grady. "The South from Self-Sufficiency to Peonage: An Interpretation". The American Historical Review, December 1980
28McGuire, Robert A. "U.S. Agricultural Statistics: State Estimates, 1866-1914". American History, April 1980
29McIntosh, Glenda Riley. "The Origins of the Feminist Movement in America" Forums in History, 1973
30McKinney, Gordon B. An Appalachian Symposium "Industrialization and Violence in Appalachia in the 1890's", 1977
31Melton, Ella Christie and Raines, Mrs. Augusta Griggs. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 272)
32Miller, William D. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 264), Spring 1973
33Mohr, Clarence L. "Before Sherman: Georgia Blacks and the Union War Effort, 1861-1864". The Journal of Southern History, August 1979
34Monkkonen, Eric H. "Systematic Criminal Justice History: Some Suggestions" Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Winter 1979
35Monkonnen, Eric H. "The Organized Response to Crime in Nineteenth-and Twentieth-Century America" Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Summer 1983
36Nettler, Gwynn. "Criminal Justice" Annual Review of Sociology, 1979
37Opie, John. An Appalachian Symposium "A Sense of Place: The World We Have Lost", 1977
38Oubre, Claude F. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 272), 1978
39Owens, James Leggette. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 272), 1977
40Phillips, Ulrich B. October 1928 (Diss. Bibliography, p. 272), October 1928
41Prunty, Merle Jr. "The Renaissance of the Southern Plantation". The Geographical Review, October 1955
42Ransom, Roger and Sutch, Richard. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 273), 1977
43Ransom, Roger and Sutch, Richard. "Growth and Welfare in the American South the Nineteenth Century" Explorations in Economic History, 1979
44Rausford, H. Edward. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 273: See 'Ra nsford'), 1977
45Reid, Joseph D. Jr. Explorations in Economic History, 1979
46Roark, James L. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 273), 1977
47Russell, James M. "Homicide and the Violent Ideal in Atlanta, 1865 to 1890" (Term Paper, U. of Tennessee at Chattanooga), March 1978
6A1Saunders, Robert M. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 266), 1978
2Scott, Anne Firor. The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830-1930, 1970
3Shammas, Carole. "Constructing a Wealth Distribution from Probate Records" Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Autumn 1978
4Shapiro, Henry D. An Appalachian Symposium "Appalachia and the Idea of America: The Problem of the Persisting Frontier", 1977
5Shaw, Van B. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 266), May-June 1949
6Sjoquist, David Lawrence. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 266), 1973
7Sowell, Thomas. Race and Economics, 1975
8Spindel, Donna J. and Thomas, Stuart W. Jr. "Crime and Society in North Carolina, 1663-1740" The Journal of Southern History, May 1983
9Steel, Edward M. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 266), April 1972
10Stephens, Lester D. "A Former Slave and the Georgia Convict Lease System" Negro History Bulletin, January 1976
11Temin, Peter. "Freedom and Coercion" Explorations in Economic History, 1979
12Thomas, George R. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 273), 1972
13Thompson, E. P. "Eighteenth-Century Crime, Popular Movements and Social Control" Society for the Study of Labor History Bulletin, 1972
14Thompson, E. P. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 267), 1978-05
15Vance, Rupert. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 274), 1929
16Walls, David S. An Appalachian Symposium "On the Naming of Appalachia", 1977
17Wiener, Johnathan M. "Class Structure and Economic Development in the American South, 1865-1955". The American Historical Review, October 1979
18Williams, Raymond. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 274), 1961
19Woodman, Harold D. (Diss. Bibliography, p. 274), November 1977
20Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. "Community, Class, and Snopesian Crime: Local Justice in the Old South"
21BOOK REVIEWS of various authors by various authors
7Note Cards
8Note Cards