|Title:||Wayne Daniel letters|
|Quantity:||0.4 Linear feet (1 document box)|
The Korean War was one of the first wars where censorship occurred on a grand scale - both of newsmen and enlisted soldiers. There was great worry about troop locations and movements being revealed from commanding officers.
In 1950 North Korea invaded South Korea, and U.S. Pres. Harry Truman ordered troops to assist South Korea. The UN Security Council, minus the absent Soviet delegate, passed a resolution calling for the assistance of all UN members in halting the North Koreans. At first North Korean troops drove the South Korean and U.S. forces down to the southern tip of the Korean peninsula, but a brilliant amphibious landing at Inch’ŏn, conceived by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, turned the tide in favour of the UN troops, who advanced near the border of North Korea and China. The Chinese then entered the war and drove the UN forces back south; the front line stabilized at the 38th parallel. MacArthur insisted on voicing his objections to U.S. war aims in a public manner and was relieved of his command by Truman. U.S. Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower participated in the conclusion of an armistice that accepted the front line as the de facto boundary between the two Koreas. The war resulted in the deaths of approximately 2,000,000 Koreans, 600,000 Chinese, 37,000 Americans, and 3,000 Turks, Britons, and other nationals in the UN forces.
-- The Korean War. Britannica. (http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/322419/Korean-War)
The collection consists of letters from Wayne Daniel written while he was stationed at the Fort Jackson, South Carolina army base between 1952 and 1954 to his family in Tallapoosa, Ga. In his letters, Daniel talks about his experiences in the army from Private ranking to the status of Sergeant near the end of his career. His letters indicate that he never left Ft. Jackson during his army years, nor do they contain any mention of the Korean War conflict. It may be that mail censorship during war time prevented Daniel from sharing any such information with his family. He writes at length about the daily life of an enlisted man.
Arranged in chronological order.
Wayne Daniel letters. MS 2402. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.