|Title:||William Gill indentures|
|Quantity:||0.1 Linear feet (2 items in 1 oversized folder A)|
|Abstract:||The collection consists of two indentures, dated 1788 and 1790, 15 pages and 12 pages. The first concerns the will of Elizabeth Oglethorpe of Garnham Hall, Essex, the widow of General James Edward Oglethorpe. The executors of the will are Granville Sharp, Eugene, Marquis of Picadilly, William Gill, Christopher Hodges and James Winbolt. The second indenture concerns a loan made by William Gill and Granville Sharp to Christopher Hodges. The documents are signed by Sharp, Gill and others. Names mentioned include Sir John Platt, Sir William Ellyott and Sir L. More, and details are given of land in Godalming, Surrey.|
As visionary, social reformer, and military leader, James Oglethorpe conceived of and implemented his plan to establish the colony of Georgia. It was through his initiatives in England in 1732 that the British government authorized the establishment of its first new colony in North America in more than five decades. Later that year he led the expedition of colonists that landed in Savannah early in 1733. Oglethorpe spent most of the next decade in Georgia, where he directed the economic and political development of the new colony, defended it militarily, and continued to generate support and recruit settlers in England and other parts of Europe. Oglethorpe was born on December 22, 1696, in London, England; he was the tenth and last child of Eleanor and Theophilus Oglethorpe. Though frequently in London, the Oglethorpes maintained a large family estate in Godalming, a small Surrey town near London. Here at Westbrook Manor (later the Meath Home) young Oglethorpe grew up. His father owned other property in Godalming and the neighboring town of Haslemere, and the rent from these gave the Oglethorpes a comfortable life. Both Theophilus and Eleanor had long been interested in politics, and in 1698 voters of Haslemere elected Theophilus to the House of Commons. All three of his sons - including Oglethorpe - would later hold this seat. New Georgia Encyclopedia. (http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1058&hl=y) Retrieved 5/15/2009.
Granville Sharp was an English scholar and philanthropist, noted as an advocate of the abolition of slavery. Granville was apprenticed to a London draper, but in 1758 he entered the government ordnance department. A diligent student of Greek and Hebrew, he published several treatises on biblical criticism. His fame rests, however, on his untiring efforts for the abolition of slavery. In 1767 he became involved in litigation with the owner of a slave called Jonathan Strong, in which it was decided that a slave remained in law the chattel of his master even on English soil. Sharp devoted himself to fighting this judgment both with his pen and in the courts of law; and finally it was laid down in another case he took up, that of James Somersett (1772), that "as soon as any slave sets foot upon English territory, he becomes free." (This decision did not include the colonies, however.) Sharp advocated the cause of the American colonies, supported parliamentary reform at home and the legislative independence of Ireland, and agitated against the press-gang. In 1787 he founded a society for the abolition of slavery, and he was a joint founder of the British and Foreign Bible Society and the Society for the Conversion of Jews. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. (http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9001263) Retrieved 5/15/2009.
Arranged by record type.
William Gill indentures. MS 2382. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.
Located in the oversize manuscript drawer.