|Title:||Benito Mussolini photographs|
|Quantity:||0.1 Linear feet (19 items in portfolio)|
|Abstract:||The collection consists of nineteen photographs depicting graphic scenes after the execution of Benito Mussolini and other Italian fascist leaders following their capture by Italian Partisans in Milan, Italy, 1945.|
Benito Mussolini was an Italian prime minister (1922-43) and the first of 20th-century Europe's fascist dictators. As German defenses in Italy collapsed and the Allies advanced rapidly northward, the Italian Communists of the partisan leadership decided to execute Mussolini. Rejecting the advice of various advisers, Mussolini refused to consider flying out of the country, and he made for the Valtellina, intending perhaps to make a final stand in the mountains; but only a handful of men could be found to follow him. He tried to cross the frontier disguised as a German soldier in a convoy of trucks retreating toward Innsbruck, in Austria. But he was recognized and, together with his mistress, Claretta Petacci, who had insisted on remaining with him to the end, he was shot and killed on April 28, 1945. Their bodies were hung, head downward, in the Piazza Loreto in Milan. Huge, jubilant crowds celebrated the fall of the dictator and the end of the war. The bodies of Mussolini and Petacci, as well as those of other prominent fascists, were displayed for public viewing in a morgue in Milan. Their corpses were not cleaned or prepared in any way for display, and, while rather gruesome, still attracted much attention from Italian citizens.
Benito Mussolini, 1883-1945 -- Britannica Online http://www.britannica.com (Retrieved July 4, 2009)
Arranged by record type.
Benito Mussolini photographs. MS 2328. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.