Joseph Rucker and Clarinda Pendleton Lamar papers

Joseph Rucker and Clarinda Pendleton Lamar papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Hargrett Manuscripts
Creator: Lamar, Clarinda Pendleton, b. 1856
Creator: Lamar, Joseph Rucker, 1857-1916
Title: Joseph Rucker and Clarinda Pendleton Lamar papers
Dates: Bulk, 1910-1915
Dates: 1792-1936, bulk 1910-1915
Quantity: 12.3 Linear feet (11 document boxes, 3 half boxes, 6 oversized boxes, 1 oversize folder A)
Coll. Number: ms22

Biographical/Historical Note

Joseph Rucker Lamar, son of the Rev. James Sanford Lamar (minister of the Disciples of Christ) and Mary Margaret (Rucker) Lamar, was born in Ruckersville, Elbert County, Georgia on October 14, 1857 and died in Washington, D.C. on January 2, 1916. He was raised in Augusta, Georgia next door to Woodrow Wilson (the 28th President of the Unites States); educated at Bethany College, West Virginia and Washington & Lee University, Virginia; practiced law in Augusta, Georgia; served in Georgia Supreme Court (1901-1905); and was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Taft in 1911 and served until his death in 1916. Justice Lamar was a writer and historian, served in State Legislature from 1886 to 1889, and was often in demand as a speaker. He was a member of Beta Theta Pi as were other members of the court. He published First Days of St. Paul's Parish, Augusta, GA (1910?), Trustees of Richmond Academy of Augusta, Georgia... and The Code of the State of Georgia in two volumes in 1896.

Clarinda Pendleton Lamar (1856-1943), daughter of William Kimbrough Pendleton (President of Bethany College) and Catherine Huntington (King) Lamar and the wife of Joseph Rucker Lamar, was born in Bethany, West Virginia on August 25, 1856 and died in Atlanta, Georgia on April 27, 1943. Mrs. Lamar held the office of President of The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America between 1914 and 1927, and was instrumental in the preservation of Sulgrave Manor in England (the ancestral home of George Washington), Dumbarton House in Washington, D.C. (headquarters of The National Society), and Gunston Hall (the home of George Mason). She published A History of the National Society of Colonial Dames of America in 1934. She served on many boards of directors and was on the executive committee for Georgia's bicentennial. Her The Life of Joseph Rucker Lamar 1857-1916, published in 1926 was very well received.

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of papers of Joseph Rucker and Clarinda Pendleton Lamar from 1792-1936. Includes correspondence, scrapbooks, certificates, engagement books, invitations, speeches, and telegrams pertaining to Joseph Lamar's service on the Georgia and U.S. Supreme Courts, Clarinda Lamar's involvement with the Colonial Dames of America and the Lamars' personal and public life in Augusta, Georgia and Washington, D.C. Notable correspondents include William Jennings Bryan, James A. Garfield, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Charles Evans Hughes, Mary Custis Lee, Juliette Gordon Low, Helen and William H. Taft, Octave Thanet, and Edith and Woodrow Wilson.

The collection also contains early materials (1792-1853) including two letters (1792) to the District Judge of Georgia, one from Alexander Hamilton and one from Nathan Pendleton, concerning a fraudulent manifest for the ship Minerva; religious tracts from the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (1813); land deeds; and slave bills of sale.

Correspondents of Justice Lamar, many of whom also continued to correspond with Mrs. Lamar after his death, included Augusta friends W. H. Barrett, J. C. C. Black, E. H. Callaway, Ed. B. Hook and Andrew J. Cobb of Athens. Other notables included Woodrow Wilson, William H. Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Oliver Wendell Holmes, James A. Garfield, William Jennings Bryan and Octave Thanet (pseudonym of author Alice French). The scrapbooks contain news articles, many of which are related to his career in law.

Mrs. Lamar also corresponded with Helen Taft, Mary Custis Lee, Edith Bolling Wilson, Martha Berry, Daisy Low (Juliette Gordon), Eleanor and Franklin D. Roosevelt. Her engagement books, guest lists and other entertaining materials from the Washington years are in the collection.

Other than materials mentioned above, the collection contains telegrams, certificates invitations, speeches, dealing with the personal and public life of an Associate Justice of the Georgia and U. S. Supreme Court and his family and the personal and public life of Mrs. Lamar.


Arranged into eight series by content and/or record type:

Joseph Rucker Lamar papers; Clarinda Lamar papers; printed material by or about the Supreme Court and Justice Lamar; ledgers; historical material; graphic materials; cards; and scrapbooks.

Index Terms

Augusta (Ga.)--Social life and customs--20th century.
Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925
Garfield, James A., (James Abram), 1831-1881
Georgia. Supreme Court.
Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894
Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948
Judges--United States.
Lee, Mary Custis, 1835-1918
Low, Juliette Gordon, 1860-1927
Minerva (Ship : 1800-1807).
National Society of the Colonial Dames of America.
Patriotic societies--United States.
Pendleton, Nathaniel
Slave bills of sale--Georgia.
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (Great Britain)
Taft, Helen Herron, 1861-1943
Taft, William H., (William Howard), 1857-1930
Thanet, Octave, 1850-1934
United States. Supreme Court.
Washington (D.C.)--Social life and customs--20th century.
Wilson, Edith Bolling Galt, 1872-1961
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924
Women--Georgia--Societies and clubs.
Women--United States--Societies and clubs.

General Notes

Digitization funded by Historic Augusta, Inc. through a grant from The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America in the State of Georgia.

Cataloged as part of the Georgia Archives and Manuscripts Automated Access Project: A Special Collections Gateway Program of the University Center in Georgia.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Joseph Rucker and Clarinda Pendleton Lamar papers. MS 22. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.


Given by Clarinda Pendleton Lamar in 1938.

Series Descriptions and Folder Listing


Series 1: Joseph Rucker Lamar Papers

11Correspondence, 1877-1899
2Correspondence, 1900
3Correspondence, 1901-1902
Includes speech to Ladies's Memorial Association, Athens on Private Soldier of the Confederacy letters from George Foster Peabody, Walter B. Hill
4Correspondence, 1903
Includes certificate of appointment to the Georgia Supreme Court.
5Correspondence, 1904
6Correspondence, 1905
7Correspondence, 1909
8-10Correspondence, 1910
Letters from Governor Joseph M. Brown, Senator Bacon in support of Lamar's appointment U. S. Supreme Court.
11Correspondence, 1910
Includes letters form Governor Joseph M. Brown and Tom Watson - certificate of U.S. Court appointment in folio.
21Correspondence, 1910
telegrams re appointment to court
2Correspondence, 1911
lots of invitations to social events
3Correspondence, 1911
includes W. H. Taft letters
4Correspondence, 1911
honorary degrees
5Correspondence, 1911-1914
Augusta Bar Association correspondence
6Correspondence, 1912
Woodrow Wilson letter
7Correspondence, 1913-1914
Woodrow Wilson letters correspondence re Supreme Court decisions
8Correspondence, 1915 January - March
includes Henry Ford letter & Alice French letter
9Correspondence, 1915 March 10 - August
10Correspondence, 1915 September - 22 October
31Correspondence, 1915 October - December
Includes letters to Justice & responses due his illness
2Opinions of Supreme Court; picture of 1911 court
3Leo Frank case
4Addresses: to Georgia Society of New York; laying of cornerstone at American Red Cross building
5Biographical Sketches
6Miscellaneous Georgia Documents - Typescripts
7Notes on Georgia history used in addresses
8Photostats of story on John B. Lamar, "The Experience of the Blacksmith"

Series 2: Clarinda Lamar Papers

Includes correspondence from W. H. Taft, Eleanor Roosevelt, Daisy Low [Juliette Gordon], League of Nations Association, Colonial Ancestry of General Lee, Camp Juliette Low, Inc., Georgia Bicentennial Committee & others, correspondence related to Colonial Dames of America, National Defense organizations.
39Correspondence, 1895-1903
10Correspondence, 1908
11Correspondence, 1909
12Correspondence, 1910
41Correspondence, 1910
2Correspondence, 1911
3Correspondence, 1912-1914
4Correspondence, 1915
Mary Custis Lee letter, W. H. Taft letter
5Correspondence, 1916
Woodrow Wilson letter & telegram
6Correspondence, 1916
Mary Custis Lee, Edith Bolling Wilson letters
7Correspondence, 1917-1918
W. H. Taft letter
8Correspondence, 1918
Franklin D. Roosevelt as Assistant Secretary of the Navy
9Correspondence, 1919-1920
letter from YMCA employee, Paris, re post-war situation
10Correspondence, 1917-1920
Council of National Defense
11Correspondence, 1921
W.H. Taft letter
Correspondence, 1922
13Correspondence, 1923
14Correspondence, 1924
Martha Berry letter
15Correspondence, 1925
51Correspondence, 1926
W. H. Taft letter
2Correspondence, 1927
W. H. Taft letter
3Correspondence, 1928
Eleanor Roosevelt letter
4Correspondence, 1929
5Correspondence, 1930
6Correspondence, 1931
7Correspondence, 1932
8Correspondence, 1933
Georgia Bicentennial
9Correspondence, 1933-1938
Martha Berry letter
10Miscellaneous Documents
Biography of Clarinda; Woodrow Wilson wedding invitation; Sulgrave Manor ceremonies, Colonial Dames, photos, invitations, programs etc.
11Correspondence, Sulgrave Manor
61Miscellaneous, undated

Series 3: Printed material by or about the Supreme Court and Justice Lamar

The Saturday Evening Post, p 12 +, August 16, 1913
The Augusta Bar, undated (2 copies)
Church Bells v IV, no 8, p 4-8, January 1911 (2 copies)
The Literary Digest, p 1181-1183, December 10, 1910
The World's Work, p 13934, 13948, February 1911
The American Red Cross Magazine, p 169-174, May 1915
The World's Work, April 1914
Boletin de la Union Panamericana, p 390-405, September 1914
The Federal Register, October 21, 1915
photo, back cover
Liberty, A Magazine of Religious Freedom, p 22, 1914
The Independent, p 456, March 2, 1911
The February Outlook Magazine, p 148, 156-64, No 1911
The American Review of Reviews, p 147-8; 168-70, February 1911
The American Bar Association Journal, p 15, January 1916
Yale Alumni Weekly, Commencement, p 985, 998-1000, 1911
3 Proceedings of the Bar and Officers of the Supreme Court of the United States in Memory of Joseph Rucker Lamar, May 27, 1916 (3 copies)

Series 4: Ledgers

71Visiting lists, Mrs. Lamar, 1911
2Articles written for newspapers, legislature, Citizens Reform Movement etc.; student papers from Bethany College, 1877-1889
3Visiting Lists Mrs. Lamar, 1911-15
4Engagement book, 1912
5Engagement book, 1913

Series 5: Historical Material

81ALS Alexander Hamilton, August 15, 1792
2Nathan Pendleton letter signed, September 18, 1792
3Anthony Stokes, narrative, re conduct, London, 1784 (typescript)
4Religious tracts, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1813 (typescript)
5Mrs. Frances Shaftoe, "Popish Intrigues..." London, 1745 (manuscript copy)
6State of Georgia re Sloop Polly, 1777 (typescript)
7ALS James A Garfield, 1879
8Miscellaneous Georgia documents: Robert Middleton land deed, Washington County, 1790
8John White v Peter Knight, Court of Admiralty, 1777
8Slave sale to James Austin, 1827
8ALS Robert Turnbull, 1853
9Documents from London (copies)
includes Oglethorpe's will
10Augusta Chronicle, May 3, 1912 and September 20, 1823

Series 6: Graphic Materials

9Photographs of Rome, Italy sites; literary prints from Dickens' works

Series 7: Cards

10Visitor's cards, 1912-14
11Visitor's cards, 1912-14
12Visitor's cards, 1912-14
13Invitations, cards, miscellaneous, 1911-16
14Invitations, cards, miscellaneous, 1911-16
18Invitations, visitor's cards, 1911-1912
19Invitations, vistors' cards, miscellaneous, 1911-1916
20Invitations, miscellaneous, 1911-1916

Series 8: Scrapbooks

Articles written for newspapers, Legislature & Citizens Reform movement, 1877-1889; Good citizenship, public service, legal matters, Pres. Young Men's Business League for Augusta, Codification of Georgia Laws, speeches, addresses at Bar Association meetings, address at Athens, appointed Georgia Supreme Court, family notes, 1890-1904; Resignation from Georgia Supreme Court & return to Augusta, cases, appointment to U. S. Supreme Court, opinions, degree from Yale University, sinking of the Titanic, Pres. Wilson's inauguration, 1905-1914; The ABC Conference at Niagara Falls (Mediation-A), 1914; The ABC Conference at Niagara Falls (Mediation-B), 1914; The Frank Case,; opinions; laying corner stone American Red Cross building; last illness & death; editorial comment, 1914-1916; Clippings from national newspapers, 1916; Clippings from newspapers in Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, tributes & memorials in later years, 1916-17 1930-34; Clarinda Pendleton Lamar: scrapbooks, 1879-1936 1930-1936
151Entertainments, to and by the Lamars, lists of guests, menus, etc. (Datebook), 1910-1915
2Scrapbook, 1879-1936
3Scrapbook, 1930-1936
4Scrapbook, 1890-1904
161Scrapbook, 1914
2Scrapbook, 1914
3Scrapbook, 1905-1914
4Scrapbook, 1914-1916
171Scrapbook, 1916
2Scrapbook, 1916, 1917, 1930-1934
OS Folder
1ACertificates of appointment to U. S. Supreme Court