|Title:||John Marshall quill pen|
|Quantity:||0.1 Linear feet (4 items in 1 portfolio)|
"[John Marshall was the] fourth chief justice of the United States and principal founder of the U.S. system of constitutional law. As perhaps the Supreme Court's most influential chief justice, Marshall was responsible for constructing and defending both the foundation of judicial power and the principles of American federalism. The first of his great cases in more than 30 years of service was Marbury v. Madison (1803), which established the Supreme Court's right to expound constitutional law and exercise judicial review by declaring laws unconstitutional. His defense of federalism was articulated in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), which upheld the authority of Congress to create the Bank of the United States and declared unconstitutional the right of a state to tax an instrument of the federal government. In his ruling on McCulloch, Marshall at once explained the authority of the court to interpret the constitution, the nature of federal-state relations inherent in a federal system of government, and the democratic nature of both the U.S. government and its governing. During his tenure as chief justice, Marshall participated in more than 1,000 decisions, writing more than 500 of them himself."--"Marshall, John" from Encyclopaedia Britannica, http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9051113 (Viewed November 9, 2009)
The collection consists of the quill used by John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. It was exhibited at Independence Hall in Philadelphia in 1938 before Mrs. H. B. Ritchie gave it to the University. Also included are a newspaper article on the gift, a tape of the ceremony, and Mrs. Ritchie's card of authority.
John Marshall quill pen, MS 1344. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.