|Creator:||Hart, J. C.|
|Creator:||Hart, James F.|
|Creator:||John B. Hart and Sons (Union Point, Ga.)|
|Title:||James F. Hart letter book|
|Quantity:||0.1 Linear feet (1 folder housed with minor collections MS 128 to MS 130)|
|Abstract:||The collection consists of a letter book of James F. Hart, of Union Point, Greene County, Georgia, from 1877-1882. It contains the correspondence of James F. Hart regarding beekeeping, including sales of bees and hives, seed sales, and correspondence signed by James F. Hart and J.C. Hart pertaining to real estate sales. The letter book also contains correspondence signed J.B. Hart and Sons for a general store in Union Point, Georgia from February-April 1869. Correspondence concerns accounts due and orders placed for food staples, school books, and fertilizers, particularly guano.|
In the 19th century, guano became a high demand commodity. Many countries explored and claimed Pacific islands for the sole purpose of harvesting the rich fertilizer. the US passed the Guano Islands Act in 1856 giving citizens discovering a source of guano the right to take possession of unclaimed land and entitlement to exclusive rights to the deposits. However, the guano could only be removed for the use of citizens of the United States. This enabled US citizens to take possession of unoccupied islands containing guano. By the end of the 19th century, the importance of guano declined with the rise of artificial fertilizer, although guano is still used by organic gardeners and farmers.
Arranged in chronological order.
Cataloged as part of the Georgia Archives and Manuscripts Automated Access Project: A Special Collections Gateway Program of the University Center in Georgia.
James F. Hart letter book, MS 130. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.