|Creator:||Campbell, John Archibald, 1811-1889|
|Title:||John Archibald Campbell collection|
|Quantity:||0.3 Linear feet (2 scrapbooks; housed with MS 1261)|
|Abstract:||The collection consists of two scrapbooks dealing with Campbell's interest in the peace conference at Hampton Roads. One scrapbook contains typescripts of Campbell's correspondence and opinions while the second has newspaper articles and two obituaries.|
John Archibald Campbell was a native of Wilkes County, Ga. and a graduate of the University of Georgia at the age of 15. At 18 he was admitted to the practice of law by an act of the legislature. Soon thereafter he removed to Montgomery, Alabama. In 1853 he was nominated for a seat on the Supreme Court by President Franklin Pierce. He resigned his position in 1861 returning South to become Assistant Secretary of War. Following the war he returned to private law practice in New Orleans.
The peace conference at Hampton Roads, Virginia (February 3, 1865), which took place aboard the president's steamer River Queen, failed as Lincoln rejected an appeal for a cease-fire by Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens. Lincoln remained committed to emancipation, and insisted on the disbanding of all rebel forces and a "restoration of the National authority throughout all the States." EDsitement website http://edsitement.neh.gov (Retrieved February 9, 2009)
John Archibald Campbell collection. MS 1260. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.